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AlcoholScience, Policy and Public Health$
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Peter Boyle, Paolo Boffetta, Albert B. Lowenfels, Harry Burns, Otis Brawley, Witold Zatonski, and Jürgen Rehm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.001.0001

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Control of alcohol availability: historical and current policies and their effects

Control of alcohol availability: historical and current policies and their effects

Chapter:
(p.361) Chapter 44 Control of alcohol availability: historical and current policies and their effects
Source:
Alcohol
Author(s):

Esa Österberg

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0044

This chapter first takes a general look at historical developments and trends in measures controlling the physical availability of alcohol. In this context it also gives concrete examples of the wide variety of alcohol control measures practised in different countries in different times. It then reviews the scientific evidence of the effects of limiting the physical availability of alcohol, and summarizes findings. Generally speaking, studies have found that when alcohol is less available, less convenient to purchase, or less accessible, alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harms decrease. As these research findings are confirmed for more than one country, one can conclude that such findings are not culturally unique even if their effects are not exactly the same in all countries.

Keywords:   alcohol control measures, access control, alcohol consumption, alcohol policy

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