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AlcoholScience, Policy and Public Health$
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Peter Boyle, Paolo Boffetta, Albert B. Lowenfels, Harry Burns, Otis Brawley, Witold Zatonski, and Jürgen Rehm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.001.0001

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Screening of high-risk drinkers

Screening of high-risk drinkers

Chapter:
(p.317) Chapter 39 Screening of high-risk drinkers
Source:
Alcohol
Author(s):

Amy O’Donnell

Eileen Kaner

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0039

Epidemiological data have shown that the majority of alcohol-related problems that occur in a population are not due to the most problematic drinkers — generally individuals with alcohol dependence — but to a much larger group of hazardous and harmful drinkers. Hazardous drinking is consumption at a level, or in such a pattern, that increases an individual’s risk of physical or psychological consequences, whilst harmful drinking is defined by the presence of these consequences. However, hazardous and harmful drinkers may not be aware of the risk or harm that they are experiencing due to alcohol, and they will often be presenting to generalist health settings, where time is limited, for a range of other health problems. Consequently, the screening of high-risk drinking generally needs to be short and acceptable in form to both practitioners and potential recipients who may have a range of drinking patterns. This chapter presents an overview of available screening tests and then discusses screening in different population groups and settings.

Keywords:   alcohol abuse, alcohol consumption, hazardous drinking, harmful drinkers, high-risk drinking

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