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AlcoholScience, Policy and Public Health$
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Peter Boyle, Paolo Boffetta, Albert B. Lowenfels, Harry Burns, Otis Brawley, Witold Zatonski, and Jürgen Rehm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.001.0001

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Alcohol and pregnancy: fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and the fetal alcohol syndrome

Alcohol and pregnancy: fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and the fetal alcohol syndrome

Chapter:
(p.307) Chapter 38 Alcohol and pregnancy: fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and the fetal alcohol syndrome
Source:
Alcohol
Author(s):

Kenneth R. Warren

Margaret M. Murray

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0038

Today, alcohol is recognized as one of the leading preventable causes of birth defects and developmental disorders. It is now established that there are a range of effects on the developing foetus and that the severity of these effects are the result of timing and amount of alcohol exposure, as well as genetic vulnerabilities, environmental factors such as nutrition, and epigenetic changes. This chapter discusses foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD); alcohol-related birth defects and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders; intervention strategies for FASD; incidence and prevalence of foetal alcohol syndrome and FASD; and maternal risk factors for FASD and the need for effective prevention strategies.

Keywords:   alcohol consumption, alcohol intake, pregnant women, birth defects, developmental disorders, maternal risk factors, pregnancy

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