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AlcoholScience, Policy and Public Health$
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Peter Boyle, Paolo Boffetta, Albert B. Lowenfels, Harry Burns, Otis Brawley, Witold Zatonski, and Jürgen Rehm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 19 September 2018

Vascular disease

Vascular disease

Chapter:
(p.256) Chapter 31 Vascular disease
Source:
Alcohol
Author(s):

Kenneth J. Mukamal

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0031

This chapter discusses the link between alcohol consumption and vascular diseases. These include hypertension, cerebrovascular disease (including ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke), peripheral arterial disease (PAD), abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and venous thromboembolism (VTE). There are complex relationships between moderate and heavy alcohol consumption and vascular disease, reflecting their heterogeneity and the multiple mechanisms by which alcohol consumption can influence vascular disease. Heavy alcohol consumption increases risk of hypertension, all forms of stroke, and probably AAA. For moderate alcohol consumption, relationships differ. It has a less pronounced effect on blood pressure and appears to be associated with a lower risk of ischaemic stroke, at least among light drinkers, and possibly a lower risk of PAD and VTE.

Keywords:   alcohol consumption, alcohol intake, hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease, abdominal aortic aneurysm, venous thromboembolism

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