Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
AlcoholScience, Policy and Public Health$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Peter Boyle, Paolo Boffetta, Albert B. Lowenfels, Harry Burns, Otis Brawley, Witold Zatonski, and Jürgen Rehm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 14 December 2018

Bladder and genitourinary tumours

Bladder and genitourinary tumours

Chapter:
(p.241) Chapter 29 Bladder and genitourinary tumours
Source:
Alcohol
Author(s):

Claudio Pelucchi

Carlotta Galeone

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0029

This chapter reviews studies on the link between alcohol consumption and the genitourinary cancers. No material association emerged between alcohol drinking and bladder cancer in a revision of about forty epidemiological investigations. This conclusion is further supported by two meta-analyses that recently provided definite quantitative evidence on the issue. Results were somewhat inconsistent between studies, possibly because of different drinking patterns and correlates — mainly tobacco smoking — among different populations. However, residual confounding by smoking might explain the moderate increase in risk of bladder cancer reported in some studies. Increasing evidence from large cohort studies indicates a protective role of moderate alcohol drinking on kidney cancer. This has been attributed to the effects of alcohol on insulin sensitivity, or through a role of fluid and/or antioxidants intake contained in alcoholic drinks. The risk appears to level-off in heavy drinkers. Results for prostate cancer are somewhat heterogeneous. Overall, the available evidence suggests no meaningful role of alcohol consumption.

Keywords:   alcohol consumption, alcohol intake, cancer risk, genitourinary cancers, bladder cancer, kidney cancer, prostate cancer

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .