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AlcoholScience, Policy and Public Health$
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Peter Boyle, Paolo Boffetta, Albert B. Lowenfels, Harry Burns, Otis Brawley, Witold Zatonski, and Jürgen Rehm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.001.0001

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Alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk

Alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk

Chapter:
(p.234) Chapter 28 Alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk
Source:
Alcohol
Author(s):

Peter Boyle

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0028

This chapter reviews studies on the link between alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk. The association between alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer has been reported fairly consistently in numerous studies. Willett et al. reported a significant association in the first prospective study with detailed exposure information. Howe et al. demonstrated an association in a meta-analysis of six case-control studies designed to investigate nutrition and cancer. In a meta-analysis of thirty-eight epidemiological studies, the pooled risk estimates were 1.1 (95% CI: 1.1-1.2) for one drink per day, 1.2 (1.1-1.3) for two drinks per day, and 1.4 (1.2-1.6) for three or more drinks per day, relative to non-drinkers. A pooled analysis of fifty-three epidemiological studies with 58,515 cases and 95,067 controls, showed that for each additional 10g per day increase in alcohol intake, an increase in breast cancer risk of 7.1% (standard error, 1.3%) was reported in never smokers.

Keywords:   alcohol intake, breast cancer, cancer risk, smokers, epidemiological studies

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