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AlcoholScience, Policy and Public Health$
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Peter Boyle, Paolo Boffetta, Albert B. Lowenfels, Harry Burns, Otis Brawley, Witold Zatonski, and Jürgen Rehm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.001.0001

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Alcohol and road traffic injury

Alcohol and road traffic injury

Chapter:
(p.179) Chapter 20 Alcohol and road traffic injury
Source:
Alcohol
Author(s):

James C. Fell

Robert B. Voas

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0020

There is ample evidence that alcohol impairs the ability to drive. Alcohol-impaired driving resulted in 10,839 traffic crash fatalities in the United States in 2009, accounting for 32% of traffic fatalities in that year. A 2007 nationwide roadside survey of night-time weekend drivers indicated that 2% of the drivers on US roads had illegal blood alcohol concentrations (BACs). Each year for the past decade, an estimated 1,400,000 drivers were arrested for driving while intoxicated or driving under the influence. This chapter discusses the relation between alcohol consumption and driving impairment, the risk of a crash at various BAC levels, approaches to reduce impaired driving, and the future of alcohol-impaired driving.

Keywords:   alcohol consumption, traffic accidents, road accidents, accident prevention, drunk driving, alcohol-impaired driving

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