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AlcoholScience, Policy and Public Health$
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Peter Boyle, Paolo Boffetta, Albert B. Lowenfels, Harry Burns, Otis Brawley, Witold Zatonski, and Jürgen Rehm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.001.0001

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Adolescent and teenage drinking

Adolescent and teenage drinking

Chapter:
(p.143) Chapter 16 Adolescent and teenage drinking
Source:
Alcohol
Author(s):

Ralph W. Hingson

Aaron M. White

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0016

This chapter explores: alcohol use among people under the legal drinking age in the United States; the consequences of their drinking; and proven prevention strategies. In the United States, it is illegal to sell alcohol to persons under age twenty-one. In 2010 nationwide 14% of eighth (usually thirteen-year-olds), 29% of tenth (usually fifteen-year-olds), and 41% of twelfth (usually seventeen-year-olds) graders drank alcohol, and 5% of eighth, 15% of tenth, and 27% of twelfth graders reported being drunk at least once per month. Older teens drink more. High school students who are frequent binge drinkers are more likely to engage in a variety of high-risk behaviours: driving after drinking, riding with drinking drivers, not wearing seat belts, carrying weapons, unplanned and unprotected sex, and illicit drug use. Human brain development continues into the third decade of life, raising concerns that heavy adolescent alcohol misuse may produce greater cognitive deficits relative to adults. Longitudinal research indicates heavy use of alcohol and other drugs during the teenage years predicts lower scores on tests of memory and attention.

Keywords:   underage drinking, alcohol consumption, alcohol use, prevention, alcohol abuse, binge drinking, high school students

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