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AlcoholScience, Policy and Public Health$
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Peter Boyle, Paolo Boffetta, Albert B. Lowenfels, Harry Burns, Otis Brawley, Witold Zatonski, and Jürgen Rehm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.001.0001

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A global overview of alcohol consumption patterns

A global overview of alcohol consumption patterns

Chapter:
(p.115) Chapter 13 A global overview of alcohol consumption patterns
Source:
Alcohol
Author(s):

Gerhard Gmel

Florian Labhart

Kevin Shield

Marg Rylett

Dirk Lachenmeier

Jürgen Rehm

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0013

This chapter provides an overview of the distribution of alcohol use in different regions of the world, including abstention, adult per capita consumption (APC), volume of drinking, and other drinking patterns such as heavy episodic drinking. Globally there is a large variation in APC with the highest consumption levels in developed countries (particularly in the European Region) and the lowest consumption levels in regions often having an Islamic faith, namely in the Saharan and sub-Saharan regions and in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Economic conditions seem to influence alcohol use in many respects. APC is higher and abstention rates are lower in high-income countries compared to low- and middle-income countries.

Keywords:   alcohol use, alcohol intake, measurement tools, aggregate measures

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