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Emotional LexiconsContinuity and Change in the Vocabulary of Feeling 1700-2000$
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Ute Frevert, Christian Bailey, Pascal Eitler, Benno Gammerl, Bettina Hitzer, Margrit Pernau, Monique Scheer, Anne Schmidt, and Nina Verheyen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655731

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655731.001.0001

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Healing Emotions*

Healing Emotions*

(p.118) 5 Healing Emotions*
Emotional Lexicons

Bettina Hitzer

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces the controversy reflected in German, British, and French encyclopedias over the role of emotions in the onset and treatment of disease. The reference works show that, in the last three centuries, the dominance of purely somatic medicine was the exception rather than the rule. It was not until the nineteenth century that emotions came to be located in the mind and proceed from there to the nerves and brain. Thus, the encyclopedia articles reflect a somaticization and ‘desoulment’ of feeling, mind, and body, which by 1900 is understood only as an anatomical–physiological entity. From the 1930s, interdependencies of body, mind, and emotion were contemplated under the auspices of psychosomatic medicine and endocrinology. This led to a re-emotionalization of the body, with a general valorization of emotion over the course of increasing therapeutization.

Keywords:   medicine, psychology, physiology, disease, mind–body, soul, brain, nerves, therapeutization, somatization

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