This chapter traces the controversy reflected in German, British, and French encyclopedias over the role of emotions in the onset and treatment of disease. The reference works show that, in the last three centuries, the dominance of purely somatic medicine was the exception rather than the rule. It was not until the nineteenth century that emotions came to be located in the mind and proceed from there to the nerves and brain. Thus, the encyclopedia articles reflect a somaticization and ‘desoulment’ of feeling, mind, and body, which by 1900 is understood only as an anatomical–physiological entity. From the 1930s, interdependencies of body, mind, and emotion were contemplated under the auspices of psychosomatic medicine and endocrinology. This led to a re-emotionalization of the body, with a general valorization of emotion over the course of increasing therapeutization.
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