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Just EmotionsRituals of Restorative Justice$

Meredith Rossner

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655045

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655045.001.0001

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(p.153) Appendix 1 Qualitative Interview Guide

(p.153) Appendix 1 Qualitative Interview Guide

Source:
Just Emotions
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

(Note: These questions were used as a guide to semi-structure the interviews. They were guidelines to explore the different themes in the conference.)

Offender Consent

  1. a. Describe the offender.

  2. b. Do you remember your initial meeting with Describe.

  3. c. Where did you meet with them.

  4. d. What were your impressions of the offender at the time of the first interview?

  5. e. How long did you meet for?

  6. f. What did you talk about?

  7. g. What were this person’s thoughts about the meetings? (If thoughts were not positive, then how did you convince them?)

  8. h. What were your feelings coming out of the initial meeting?

  9. i. How did you think the conference would go? What were your reasons for this hypothesis?

Offender Supporter Consent

  1. a. Can you tell me about each meeting you had with the offender supporter(s)?

  2. b. Did they all know each other? Did you meet as a group initially?

  3. c. What were this person’s thoughts about the meetings? (If thoughts were not positive, then how did you convince them?)

  4. d. Were there any other potential offender supporters that you would have liked to have been there that you were unable to get there? Who and why?

  5. e. Were there any offender supporters there that you felt should not have been there? Who and why?

Victim Consent

  1. a. How many victims were there in this case? Describe.

  2. b. Were there other victims that did not want to take part?

  3. c. Do you remember your initial meeting with them?

  4. (p.154) d. Where did you meet?

  5. e. How long did you meet for?

  6. f. What did you talk about?

  7. g. How did you convince them to participate?

  8. h. What were your feelings coming out of the meeting?

  9. i. Did you think it would be a good conference? Why or why not?

  10. j. What were your impressions of the victim at the time of the first interview?

Victim Supporter Consent

  1. a. Can you tell me about each meeting you had with the victim supporter (s)?

  2. b. Did they all know each other? Did you meet as a group initially?

  3. c. How did you convince them to participate?

  4. d. Were there any other potential victim supporters that you would have liked to have been there that you were unable to get there? Who and why?

  5. e. Was there anybody there that you felt should not have been there? Who and why?

Observers

  1. a. Were there any outside observers for the conference? Who?

  2. b. Did you feel that having the observers there affected the conference in any way? How?

  3. c. Did any of the observers have any contact with conference participants? What kind?

Location

  1. a. Where was the conference held (prison/bail)?

  2. b. Can you describe the conference room? Was it private? Was it a suitable room?

  3. c. What set-up was involved?

  4. d. Was the room arranged in a circle? Was there a table in the centre? [Refer to map in files.] Who was sitting next to whom? Was that on purpose? Why did you arrange it like that?

  5. e. [In prison] Did you have any problems getting into the prison? Were there any long waits? Were the victims and supporters searched?

  6. f. How did everybody get to the location? Did they drive themselves? Did you drive? Was anybody late? How late was the conference?

  7. g. How long did you have the room booked for? Was that enough time? Were you asked to leave early?

  8. h. Were you satisfied with the conference room? Why or why not? How could it have been better?

(p.155) Pre-Conference

  1. a. Did you travel with the victim to the conference? Can you assess how they felt? Were they nervous or embarrassed? [Ask same question for offender and supporters.]

  2. b. Were you with the victim right before the conference? Can you assess how they felt? Were they nervous or embarrassed? [Ask same question for offender and supporters.]

At the Conference: Shared Mood/Rhythm

  1. a. During the conference: Did you think the offender was nervous? How did they show this?

  2. b. Did you think they were embarrassed? How did they show this? [Ask same questions for victim and supporters.]

  3. c. Did you think they were angry? How did they show this? [Ask same questions for victim and supporters.]

  4. d. What other emotions do you think the conference participants were feeling?

  5. e. What were you feeling?

  6. f. Were the participants willing to talk from the beginning? Who was first to speak? Did you follow the conference script?

  7. g. Were there long silences? Did they make you uncomfortable? How do you think conference participants reacted to the silences?

  8. h. Did you use the silences like we were taught in training?

  9. i. Did the gaps and silences eventually lessen or stop? At what point did that happen? Can you remember for how many seconds there was silence? What was the longest pause? How many gaps were there?

  10. j. Did you notice a rhythm develop during the conference?

  11. k. Was there a moment when the conversation ‘took off’? At what point did that happen?

  12. l. Was there any point during the conference when people were speaking at once? How long a gap was there between one person finishing speaking and the next person starting? Did you feel that you needed to intervene to keep the conversation going smoothly?

  13. m. Was there any yelling during the conference or raised voices? Were people speaking at once? How did that come about? How did you deal with that?

  14. n. Did you think that the victim and offender had equal amounts of time to speak? Did one speak more than the other?

  15. o. Role of supporters: Were offender supporters supportive or condemning of the offender: How do you think the supporters helped/harmed the conference?

  16. p. Do you remember how the participants were sitting during the conference? How was the room arranged? Who was sitting next to whom?

    1. i. How was the offender sitting (posture)? (p.156)

    2. ii. How was the victim sitting (posture)?

    3. iii. Were the offender and offender supporters touching? What about the victim and victim supporters?

Mutual Focus of Attention

  1. a. Did the offender pay attention to what the victim was saying? Did you have to intervene at all?

  2. b. Did the victim pay attention to what the offender was saying? Did you have to intervene at all?

  3. c. Did all the participants pay attention to what you were saying?

  4. d. Were there any shared symbolic gestures?

Empathy/Symbols of Interaction

  1. a. Were there any moments of empathy? Did they see each other’s point of view? Can you describe how this came about?

  2. b. Did the offender and victim know each other’s names? Did they call each other by name? Did the victim use a pseudonym?

  3. c. During the course of the conference did the offender and victim realize anything that they had in common (for example, drink at the same pub, live in the same neighbourhood, fans of the same football club)? Do you remember how this came about? How did they react when they realized this?

  4. d. Did you have a chance to speak to the offender or the victim after the conference? How do you think they felt? Were they satisfied with the conference? Were they proud of their participation? Were they more or less angry?

  5. e. Did you feel that you had a good relationship with the offender? Do you think they liked you? Do you feel that they respected you?

  6. f. Did you feel that you had a good relationship with the victim? Do you think they liked you? Do you feel that they respected you?

Outcome Agreement (‘OA’)

  1. a. What do you remember about the discussion around the OA?

  2. b. Did the victims want something that offenders didn’t agree to, or vice versa?

  3. c. Was it all signed and did they all get copies?

  4. d. Was there any follow-up on the OA? How did you follow up on each item? What were the results? [Go through each OA item from the case file].

  5. e. How useful do you think outcome agreements are? Do you think that offenders and victims take them seriously? Do you think they respect them?

  6. f. Did you think the offender felt they were being punished? Did they think this was fair?

(p.157) Group Solidarity

  1. a. Do you remember if the offender and victim, or any of the other participants, shook hands at any point during the conference? Who and when?

  2. b. Did anybody hug each other or pat each other on the back? Who and when?

  3. c. Can you remember any moments when people laughed together? Can you remember how it came about?

  4. d. Did anybody cry during the conference? Who was crying and at what point? What was the reaction to the crying?

  5. e. Was eye contact made during the conference? Do you remember using the click and drag approach successfully (when facilitators lock eyes with one person and consciously drag their vision to another person to encourage eye contact between two people)?

  6. f. Did the participants seem animated or excited when they were talking to each other? Was this level of excitement the same through all of the conference, or did it change?

  7. g. After the conference, was there a ‘tea and biscuits’ phase, where offender and victim informally interacted while you were writing up the outcome agreement?

    1. i. Did you witness it?

    2. ii. Did they seem comfortable with each other?

    3. iii. Can you remember what they spoke about?

    4. iv. Did you think this was a significant part of the conference?

Conference Rating

  1. a. Right after the conference, you gave it a rating of ____ out of ten. Do you remember this?

  2. b. Can you remember why you gave it that rating?

  3. c. You may have also been asked if there was a ‘cathartic moment’ during the conference. At that time you said it was when _________________. Do you remember that? Can you describe that more in-depth to me?

  4. d. In your judgment, how emotional was the conference?

  5. e. Did you feel emotionally affected by the conference?

  6. f. Looking back, would you still rate it a ____? Can you explain why?

  7. g. In terms of facilitation, was this an easy or hard conference to facilitate? Can you explain how?

  8. h. Do you think that this offender will reoffend?