This chapter summarizes the changes in immigration policies and the main trends in highly skilled immigration, such as the incremental shifts towards more skill‐selective immigration policies and the fact that skilled migration flows are concentrated in few countries characterized by skill‐selective immigration policies. It also reviews some of the determinants of highly skilled immigration and its impact on the receiving countries’ economies. A number of questions on selective migration policies and the international battle for talents are discussed: how do immigration and the brain gain affect economies in the downturn of the business cycle? Why do skill‐selective immigration policies not find more support? Will the policy equilibrium shift towards more skill‐selective immigration policies? Can the upcoming skill contest produce losers among destination and sending countries?
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