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Brain Drain and Brain GainThe Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants$
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Tito Boeri, Herbert Brücker, Frédéric Docquier, and Hillel Rapoport

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199654826

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.001.0001

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The Determinants of Highly Skilled Migration: Evidence from OECD Countries 1980–2005

The Determinants of Highly Skilled Migration: Evidence from OECD Countries 1980–2005

(p.66) 3 The Determinants of Highly Skilled Migration: Evidence from OECD Countries 1980–2005
Brain Drain and Brain Gain

Herbert Brücker

Simone Bertoli

Giovanni Facchini

Anna Maria Mayda

Giovanni Peri

Oxford University Press

The goal of this chapter is to analyse how geographical, legal, institutional, and economic factors affect the scale of immigration and the skill composition of the immigrant population. A multivariate analysis allows the isolation of the effects of different immigration policies. Focusing on the receiving countries, it is found that the wage premium for education strongly increases the share of the highly skilled in the immigrant population and is thus the main economic factor that affects the skill composition of this group. Similarly, changes in the immigration legislation which favour highly skilled immigrants and R&D expenditure have a positive impact on selecting the highly educated. Generous welfare benefits and labour market regulations, like stronger employment protection, also increase the total inflow of migrants including the highly skilled, but reduce the favourable skill‐selectivity of the immigrant population.

Keywords:   migration, highly skilled migrants, determinants of migration, selective migration policy, immigration legislation, receiving countries, welfare system, employment protection

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