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Brain Drain and Brain GainThe Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants$
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Tito Boeri, Herbert Brücker, Frédéric Docquier, and Hillel Rapoport

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199654826

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.001.0001

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Selecting the Highly Skilled: An Overview of Current Policy Approaches

Selecting the Highly Skilled: An Overview of Current Policy Approaches

Chapter:
(p.23) 1 Selecting the Highly Skilled: An Overview of Current Policy Approaches
Source:
Brain Drain and Brain Gain
Author(s):

Herbert Brücker

Simone Bertoli

Giovanni Facchini

Anna Maria Mayda

Giovanni Peri

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.003.0003

This chapter provides a brief overview of skill‐selective immigration policies in the main destination countries and of the major shifts in these policies that have been recently observed. First, it outlines the main approaches to selecting highly skilled immigrants. Second, it describes the main features of these approaches in countries which have a long tradition in selecting highly skilled immigrants, that is Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the USA. Third, it describes the approach of the EU in entering the talent contest, particularly the ‘blue card’ recently adopted by the European Council. Fourth, it discusses the changes in the immigration policies of some of the main destination countries in the EU. Finally, it presents the results of a survey of government officials on the use of skill‐selective immigration policies carried out by the United Nations.

Keywords:   migration, selective migration policy, highly skilled migrants, blue card, european union

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