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Brain Drain and Brain Gain
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Brain Drain and Brain Gain: The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Tito Boeri, Herbert Brücker, Frédéric Docquier, and Hillel Rapoport

Abstract

This volume reviews the most recent research on brain drain and brain gain, producing new original results by the means of data sources specifically assembled for this study, and addressing several key policy issues. Part I focuses on brain gain, that is, it takes the standpoint of the recipient country. The first section provides an overview of skill‐selective immigration policies in the main destination countries and of the major shifts in these policies which have been recently observed. It also documents the strong economic gains from immigration of highly skilled migrants. But what drives ... More

Keywords: migration, selective migration policy, highly skilled migrants, brain gain, brain drain, migration trends, determinants of migration, return migration, diaspora externalities

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199654826
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Tito Boeri, editor
Professor of Economics, Università Bocconi and Scientific Director of Fondazione Rodolfo Debenedetti, Italy

Herbert Brücker, editor
Professor of Economics, University of Bamberg, Germany and Head of Department, International Comparisons and European Integration, Institute for Employment Research (IAB)

Frédéric Docquier, editor
Professor of Economics, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium and Research Associate at the National Fund for Economic Research

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Contents

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Introduction

By Tito Boeri

Part I Understanding Highly Skilled Migration in Developed Countries

by Herbert Brücker Simone Bertoli Giovanni Facchini Anna Maria Mayda Giovanni Peri

Introduction

Herbert Brücker, Simone Bertoli, Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, and Giovanni Peri

1 Selecting the Highly Skilled: An Overview of Current Policy Approaches

Herbert Brücker, Simone Bertoli, Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, and Giovanni Peri

2 Global Trends in Highly Skilled Immigration1

Herbert Brücker, Simone Bertoli, Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, and Giovanni Peri

3 The Determinants of Highly Skilled Migration: Evidence from OECD Countries 1980–2005

Herbert Brücker, Simone Bertoli, Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, and Giovanni Peri

4 The Effects of Brain Gain on Growth, Investment, and Employment: Evidence from OECD Countries, 1980–2005

Herbert Brücker, Simone Bertoli, Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, and Giovanni Peri

5 The Political Economy of Skilled Immigration

Herbert Brücker, Simone Bertoli, Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, and Giovanni Peri

6 Can the Battle for Brains Turn into a Tragedy of the Commons?

Herbert Brücker, Simone Bertoli, Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, and Giovanni Peri

7 Conclusions

Herbert Brücker, Simone Bertoli, Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, and Giovanni Peri

Part II Quantifying the Impact of Highly Skilled Emigration on Developing Countries

ByFrédéric DocquierandHillel Rapoport

Introduction

Frédéric Docquier, and Hillel Rapoport

8 The Size of the Brain Drain

Frédéric Docquier, and Hillel Rapoport

9 Theory, Evidence, and Implications

Frédéric Docquier, and Hillel Rapoport

10 Policy Issues

Frédéric Docquier, and Hillel Rapoport

11 Conclusion

Frédéric Docquier, and Hillel Rapoport

End Matter