Russell’s main achievements are in logic. He popularised this topic, so that it has now become a familiar tool both in philosophy and in mathematics. He also contributed his controversial theory of logical types. Both his thoughts and everyone else’s thoughts in this area have been profoundly influenced by the paradox that he discovered to be latent in our ordinary ways of thinking. But under the heading ‘logic’ he also includes what he calls ‘logical analysis’ and ‘logical constructions’. His attempts at the latter were not notably successful, but ‘analysis’ became the byword for almost all (English‐speaking) philosophy for the next century. This is in no small part due to his influence.
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