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Divine Production in Late Medieval Trinitarian TheologyHenry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham$
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JT Paasch

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199646371

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646371.001.0001

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Ockham on the Source of Divine Production

Ockham on the Source of Divine Production

Chapter:
(p.175) 14 Ockham on the Source of Divine Production
Source:
Divine Production in Late Medieval Trinitarian Theology
Author(s):

JT Paasch

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646371.003.0014

Ockham argues that we should identify the source of productive activity in the same way we identify the cause of an effect. For Ockham, the cause of an effect is that which must be posited in order to posit the effect, and without which the effect cannot be posited at all. Similarly, says Ockham, the source of a production is that which must be posited in order to posit that production, and without which that production cannot be posited. In the divine case, that is just the divine essence, but this does not mean that the divine essence produces anything, nor does it mean that the productions themselves are produced. On the contrary, says Ockham, the divine essence is simply the source of production, whereas the two sides of each production (i.e. the correlative activities of “producing another” and “being produced”) serve to constitute a distinct producer and product.

Keywords:   William Ockham, Peter Aureol, efficient causality, production, power, basis, action, divine essence, Trinity

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