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Quantum Confined Laser DevicesOptical gain and recombination in semiconductors$
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Peter Blood

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199644513

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644513.001.0001

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The beginning

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 The beginning
Source:
Quantum Confined Laser Devices
Author(s):

Peter Blood

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644513.003.0001

This short chapter traces the historical development of the laser diode from the original concept of stimulated emission by Einstein, realised by Maiman in the ruby laser via the maser of Charles Townes, through the first homojunction semiconductor laser diodes to the heterostructure laser diode proposed by Kroemer and Alferov. This led to the double-heterostructure laser diode, which is the basis of modern diode lasers, providing both the optical waveguide and confinement in quantum wells and quantum dots.

Keywords:   laser diode, quantum well, quantum dot, heterostructure

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