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Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635$
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Judith Pollmann

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199609918

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609918.001.0001

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Reconciliation and atonement, 1585–1598

Reconciliation and atonement, 1585–1598

(p.125) 5 Reconciliation and atonement, 1585–1598
Catholic Identity and the Revolt of the Netherlands, 1520‐1635

Judith Pollmann

Oxford University Press

This chapter points to three factors that helped to win over the Southerners to support a Catholic revival. First, it draws attention to the returning Catholic refugees, who became the new elite in the South. While in exile, these had forged links with clergymen who had themselves realised they needed help from the laity. The second factor was the religious orders, new and old. Local elites favoured those clerical initiatives that engaged the laity, and orders adopted new forms of activism which could spread rapidly. Finally, there was a new discourse about heresy and the remedies for the ongoing war. Catholics were now taught how to talk to heretics. And while they continued to consider the Revolt as a divine punishment, lay Catholics could now ‘do their bit’ to fight the causes of the war.

Keywords:   Reconciliation, refugees, urban elites, religious orders, Jesuits, sodalities, education, propaganda, Franciscus Costerus, divine punishment, comparisons with Israel

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