Reasons for Starting War: Goals, Conditions, and Proportionality
Chapter 3 is, in part, concerned with whether having a proper intention is necessary in order to make starting war just and thus satisfy what is known as jus ad bellum. It goes on to consider a theoretical distinction, relevant to discussion of the Doctrine of Double Effect, between acting in order to bring about a good effect and acting on condition that one will bring it about. It examines whether the distinction bears on the permissibility of causing side effect harm to civilians (collateral damage) in war. The aim is to determine whether and how bad side effects can be proportional to the good effects of war, including achieving a just cause.
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