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Applied MusicologyUsing Zygonic Theory to Inform Music Education, Therapy and Psychology Research$
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Adam Ockelford

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199607631

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607631.001.0001

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Why knowing what’s going to happen next makes anticipation in music all the sweeter

Why knowing what’s going to happen next makes anticipation in music all the sweeter

Chapter:
(p.323) Chapter 8 Why knowing what’s going to happen next makes anticipation in music all the sweeter
Source:
Applied Musicology
Author(s):

Adam Ockelford

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607631.003.0008

This chapter explores how implication and expectation in music work, using zygonic theory. A model is constructed that acknowledges the potential implications arising from three sources of regularity in music: patterns within groups of notes, and between them, as encoded in working and long-term memory, both veridically and schematically. Various forms of interaction between these sources of music-structural information are mooted. The model is tested in two experimental conditions: the first in which subjects were required to sing what they regarded as likely continuations of a melody that was built up a note at a time, and the second using a rating protocol for the perceived expectedness of each note of a melodic motif on first and second-time hearings. The results lend initial support to the model, and suggest refinements to it.

Keywords:   musical implication, musical expectation, pattern, veridical, schematic, zygonic theory, structure

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