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Citizens and the European PolityMass Attitudes Towards the European and National Polities$
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David Sanders, Pedro Magalhaes, and Gabor Toka

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199602339

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602339.001.0001

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Support for European Integration

Support for European Integration

(p.169) 8 Support for European Integration
Citizens and the European Polity

Andrija Henjak

Gábor Tóka

David Sanders

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines generalized support for the EU rather than attitudes towards specific institutions and policies. Theories about its origin are subjected to more comprehensive empirical tests than previous analyses attempted, using time-series cross-section data covering all member states from the 1970s to 2007. The dynamic relationship between EU-support and national economic and political developments follows a transfer, rather than substitution logic, while increasing trade with EU member states, high cognitive mobilization, low welfare spending, Catholicism and favourable labour market position all contribute to favourable dispositions towards EU-membership. Other often suggested influences on EU support appear inconsistently across nations or time, which we attribute to the nature of the EU itself that generates diverse, contradictory, and ever-changing expectations among citizens.

Keywords:   EU-membership, political support, public opinion, time-series cross-section, instrumental calculus, cognitive mobilization, cues

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