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The Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture$

Rachel Murray, Elina Steinerte, Malcolm Evans, and Antenor Hallo de Wolf

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199602193

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602193.001.0001

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(p.224) Bibliography

(p.224) Bibliography

Source:
The Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Treaties

Hague Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft (860 UNTS 105), 1970

Montreal Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation (974 UNTS 177), 1971

New York Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons (1035 UNTS 167), 1973

New York International Convention against the Taking of Hostages Convention (1316 UNTS 205), 1979

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, GA Res A/RES/39/46, adopted 10 December 1984 (1465 UNTS 85)

European Charter on Regional or Minority Languages (CETS No 148, in force March 1998)

Optional Protocol to the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, A/RES/57/199, adopted on 18 December 2003

UN Declarations

Universal Declaration on Human Rights, GA Res 217A(III) adopted 10 December 1948

Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, GA Res 3452 (XXX), adopted 9 December 1975

UN Documents from human rights treaty and Charter bodies

Reports of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture (SPT)

Preliminary Guidelines for the On‐Going Development of National Preventive Mechanisms (NPMs), 〈http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cat/opcat/mechanisms.htm〉

First Annual Report of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, February 2007–March 2008, CAT/C/40/2, 14 May 2008

Report on the Visit of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment to Sweden, CAT/OP/SWE/1, 10 September 2008

Report on the Visit of the Subcommittee on the Prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment to the Maldives, CAT/OP/MDV/1, 26 February 2009

Second Annual Report of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, February 2008–March 2009, CAT/C/42/2, 7 April 2009

(p.225) Report on the Visit of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment to Honduras, CAT/OP/HND/1, 10 February 2010

Third Annual Report of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture, Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, CAT/C/44/2, 25 March 2010

Report on the Visit of the Subcommittee on the Prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment to Mexico, CAT/OP/MEX/1, 31 May 2010

Report on the Visit of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment to the Republic of Paraguay, CAT/OP/PRY/1, 7 June 2010

The Approach of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture to the Concept of Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment under the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, CAT/OP/12/6, 30 December 2010

Fourth Annual Report of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (April–December 2010), CAT/C/46/2, 7 January 2011

Guidelines of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment in Relation to Visits to States Parties, CAT/OP/12/4, 18 January 2011

Committee Against Torture (CAT)

Annual Report A/56/44 (2001)

Annual Report A/57/44 (2002)

Concluding Observations on Saudi Arabia, UN Doc CAT/C/CR/28/5/, 2002

Rules of Procedure, Rule 114(4) (CAT/C/3/Rev.4, 9 August 2002)

Annual Report A/58/44 (2003)

Annual Report A/59/44 (2004)

Conclusions and Recommendations of the Committee Against Torture; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories, UN Doc CAT/C/CR/33/3, 10 December 2004

Conclusions and Recommendations of the Committee Against Torture; United States of America, UN Doc CAT/C/USA/CO/2, 25 July 2006

General Comment No 2, Implementation of Article 2 by States Parties, CAT/C/GC/2, 24 January 2008

Report of the Committee against Torture (43rd and 44th Sessions), UN GA Doc A/65/44

Annual Report A/63/44 (2008)

Concluding Observations Benin, CAT/C/BEN/CO/2, 19 February 2008

Concluding Observations Sweden, CAT/C/SWE/CO/5, 4 June 2008

Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comment No 2, The role of independent national human rights institutions in the promotion and protection of the rights of the child, CRC/GC/2002/2, 15 November 2002

Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comment No 8, The Right of the Child to Protection from Corporal Punishment and other cruel and degrading forms of punishment, CRC/C/GC/8, 2 March 2007

(p.226) Human Rights Committee

Human Rights Committee General Comment No 7, Torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (Art 7), 3 May 1982

Human Rights Committee, General Comment No 8, Right to liberty and security of persons (Art 9), 30 June 1982

Human Rights Committee, General Comment No 20, Replaces general comment 7concerning prohibition of torture and cruel treatment or punishment (Art 7), 10 March 1992

Human Rights Committee, General Comment No 21, Replaces general comment 9 concerning humane treatment of persons deprived of liberty (Art 10), 10 April 1992

Human Rights Committee, General Comment No 28, Equality of rights between men and women (Art 3), 29 March 2000, CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.10

Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee: Israel, 21 August 2003, CCPR/Co/78/ISR

Human Rights Committee, General Comment 31, Nature of the General Legal Obligations Imposed on States parties to the Covenant, 26 May 2004, CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.13

Human Rights Committee Rules of Procedure, Rule 101, concerning follow‐up to individual communications, 22 September 2005, CCPR/C/3/Rev.8

Special Rapporteur on Torture

Resolution 1995/41, ‘Human rights and the administration of justice, in particular of children and juveniles in detention’, Report to the fifty‐second session of the Commission on Human Rights, the Special Rapporteur considered the issue of torture and children, E/CN.4/1996/35

Interim report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the question of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, A/55/290, 11 August 2000

Special Rapporteur on Torture, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the question of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, in accordance with Assembly Resolution 57/200 of 18 December 2002, A/58/120, 3 July 2003

Special Rapporteur on Terrorism and Human Rights, Visit to South Africa, 2007, A/HRC/6/17

Interim report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, A/63/175, 28 July 2008

Special Rapporteur on Terrorism and Human Rights, Mission to Spain, 2008, A/HRC/10/3/Add.2

Report of the Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Manfred Nowak, Mission to the Republic of Moldova, A/HRC/10/44/Add.3, 12 February 2009

Report of the Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Manfred Nowak, Mission to Denmark, A/HRC/10/44/Add.2, 18 February 2009

Joint study on global practices in relation to secret detention in the context of countering terrorism of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention and the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, A/HRC/13/42, 26 January 2010

(p.227) Other UN Special Procedures

Working Group on Arbitrary Detentions, Annual Report 2009, A/HRC/10/21, para 48

Other UN documents

UN Commission on Human Rights Resolution 1986/56 on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 13 March 1986, E/CN.4/RES/1986/56

UN Commission on Human Rights Resolution 1989/104 on Postponement of Consideration of a Draft Optional Protocol to the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 6 March 1989, E/CN.4/RES/1989/104

UN General Assembly Resolution 48/134 on National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, A/RES/48/134, adopted 20 December 1993

Strengthening the United Nations: An Agenda for Change, A/57/387, 9 September 2002

UN document E/CN.4/1991/66, reproduced in the 10th Annual report of the Working Group to the UN Commission on Human Rights, E/CN.4/2002/78, Annex II

Conclusions of the International Roundtable on the Role of National Human Rights Institutions and Treaty Bodies, Berlin, 23–24 November 2006, UN Doc. HRI/MC/2007/3

Press Release, Committee Against Torture and Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture held first meeting in Geneva, 20 November 2007, 〈http://www.unhchr.ch/huricane/huricane.nsf/view01/1EC7F431C8341C09C125739A0036955C?opendocument〉

Decision Paper on the Review of ICC Accreditation Procedures for National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI) of March 2008, 〈http://nhri.net/2008/DecisionPaper‐NHRI‐March2008.DOC〉

Guidelines for Accreditation and Re‐Accreditation of National Human Rights Institutions to the International Coordinating Committee of National Human Rights Institutions, Version 3, April 2008

ICC Sub‐Committee on Accreditation, General Observations, Geneva, April 2008, 〈http://nrhi.net/2008/General_Observations_En.pdf〉

UN Human Rights Council Resolution 8/8 on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, adopted 18 June 2008

Rules of Procedure of the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 13 August 2010, CRPD/C/4/2; available at: 〈http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/CRPD/Pages/CRPDIndex.aspx〉

Human Rights Council, First Session, Czech Republic, A/HRC/8/33

Human Rights Council, First Session Ecuador, A/HRC/8/20; First Session Netherlands, A/HRC/8/31

Charter of the Status of National Institutions Accredited by the International Coordinating Committee of National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, 〈http://www.nhri.net〉

Documents from other international organizations

Council of Europe, Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 909 (1981) on the International Convention against Torture, adopted 26 January 1981

Berrier Report, Council of Europe Doc AS/Jur (33) 18 of 9 September 1981

(p.228) Council of Europe, Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 971 (1983) of 28 September 1983

1st General Report on the CPT's activities covering the period November 1989 to December 1990; CPT/Inf(91) 3 [EN]

Meier Report, Council of Europe Doc AS/Jur (32) 22 of 8th December 1990

Report of the Special Rapporteur on Prisons and Conditions of Detention to the 21st Session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Tenth Activity Report 1996–1997, Annex VII

Mali: Prisons in Mali: Report of the Special Rapporteur on Prisons and Conditions of Detention, Report on a Visit 20–30 August 1997, Professor E V O Dankwa, Series IV, No 2

Mali Prisons Revisited: Report of the Special Rapporteur on Prisons and Conditions of Detention in Africa, Report of a Visit 27 November to 8 December 1998, Series IV, No 4

African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Resolution on the Guidelines and Measures for the Prohibition and Prevention of Torture, Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment in Africa (Robben Island Guidelines), 32nd session, Banjul, The Gambia, October 2002, 〈http://www.achpr.org〉

European Committee for the Prevention of Torture, 13th General Report on the CPT's Activities, covering the period 1 January 2002 to 31 July 2003, CPT/CPT.Inf (2003) 35

Report to the Swedish Government on the visit to Sweden carried out by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) from 27 January to 5 February 2003, CPT/Inf (2004) 32

Implementation of the EU Guidelines on Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment—Stock Taking and New Implementation Measures, 8407/1/08, Rev.1, PESC 417

European Committee for the Prevention of Torture, 20 Years of Combating Torture', pp 7–12, 19th General Report of the CPT (CPT/Inf (2009) 27)

Letter from ICJ to the Clerk of the Parliamentary Assembly in Council of Europe Doc AS/Jur (24) 2

UNHCR, Revised Guidelines on Applicable Criteria and Standards Relating to the Detention of Asylum Seekers, February 1999, IOM/22/99/Rev.1-FOM/22/99/Rev.1

Inter‐American Commission on Human Rights, Principles and Best Practice on the Protection of Persons Deprived of Liberty in the Americas, OAS Doc OEA/Ser/L/II.131 doc.26

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The Independent Monitoring Board HMP Bristol, Annual Report 1 August 2009–31 July 2010, 〈http://www.imb.gov.uk/reports/Bristol_2009–2010.pdf〉

Mental Health Act Commission, Women Detained in Hospital. A Report by the Mental Health Act Commission, March 2009

Report of the Human Rights Ombudsman of the Republic of Slovenia on the Implementation of the tasks of the National Preventive Mechanism under the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment for the year 2008, Ljublijana, June 2009, 〈http://www.varuh‐rs.sl〉

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APT, Added Value of the Optional Protocol for States Parties to the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture, Position Paper on the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture, 3 March 2003 (Geneva: APT 2003)

APT, Inter‐American Institute for Human Rights, Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment: A Manual for Prevention (Geneva: APT/IIHR, 2005)

APT, The International Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture under the Optional Protocol to the Convention Against Torture (Geneva: APT, May 2006)

APT, Guide, Establishment and Designation of National Preventive Mechanisms, (Geneva: APT, May 2006)

APT, Comprehensive NPM Assessment Checklist (Geneva, APT, 2007)

APT, Torture in International Law. A Guide to Jurisprudence, (Geneva: APT, CEJIL, 2008)

APT, National Human Rights Commissions and Ombudsmans Offices: Ombudsmen as NPMs (Geneva: APT 2008)

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APT, The Optional Protocol to the United Nations Convention Against Torture: An Opportunity for Refugee and Migrant Rights Protection (Geneva: APT, May 2009)

APT, Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture. Implementation Manual, Revised Edition, (Geneva: APT, 2010)

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Ayete Nyampong, Lilian, Challenges facing the OPCAT in the Implementation of the OPCAT in the African Region, Visiting places of detention‐Methods, presentation to the OPCAT in the African Region: Challenges of Implementation, Cape Town, South Africa, 3–4 April 2008, p 6, see 〈http://www.bristol.ac.uk/law/research/centres‐themes/opcat/docs.html#OPCATAfricanConference2008

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Bristol OPCAT team, ‘The Relationship between Accreditation by the International Coordinating Committee of National Human Rights Institutions and the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture’, November 2008, see 〈http://www.bristol.ac.uk/law/research/centres‐themes/hric/index.html〉

Bristol OPCAT team, ‘The Optional Protocol to the UN Torture Convention and the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities: some common issues’ 15 December 2009, 〈http://www.bristol.ac.uk/law/research/centres‐themes/opcat/opcatdocs/opcatcrpd.pdf〉

Bristol OPCAT team, ‘The Inter‐American Commission on Human Rights' Principles and Best Practices on the Protection of Persons Deprived of Liberty in the Americas and the Optional Protocol to the Convention Against Torture’, August 2009, 〈http://www.bristol.ac.uk/law/research/centres‐themes/opcat/opcatdocs/iacmhrprinciples.pdf〉

Commonwealth Secretariat, National Human Rights Institutions Best Practice, Commonwealth Secretariat, 2001

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Dublin Statement on the Process of Strengthening the United Nations Human Rights Treaty Body System: Response by non‐governmental organisations, November 2010

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Joint Committee on Human Rights, The UN Convention Against Torture (UNCAT), Nineteenth Report of the Session 2005–2006, HL Paper 185‐I; HC 701‐I

Joint Committee on Human Rights, Fourteenth Report. Work of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission, 15 July 2003, HL 142, HC 132

(p.234) Law School, University of Bristol, The Optional Protocol to the UNCAT. Conference Report, Report on the First Annual Conference on the Implementation of the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture (OPCAT), University of Bristol, 19–20 April 2007

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Pollard, M, Implementation of the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OPCAT) in Federal and other Decentralized States, Discussion Paper for the Seminar ‘The Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture: Implementation in Federal States and Decentralized States’ Sao Paulo, Brazil (22–24 June 2005), 〈http://www.apt.ch/component/option,com_docman/task,cat_view/gid,46/Itemid,99999999/lang,en/〉

The Poznan Statement on the Reforms of the UN Human Rights Treaty Body System, Poznan, 28–29 September 2010

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‘Proposal of new and revised articles to be included in the original draft optional protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment submitted by the delegation of Sweden on behalf of the European Union’, E/CN.4/2001/WG.11/CRP.2

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