(p.235) Appendix 3 Timeline
(p.235) Appendix 3 Timeline
6 BC–AD 13
6 BC Tiberius receives tribunicia potestas; Gaius Caesar designated consul by Comitia Centuriata; Tiberius retires to Rhodes; Gaius made a pontifex.
5 BC Gaius Caesar takes toga virilis and is made princeps iuventutis, a sevir turmae, and is allowed to give his opinion in the senate.
2 BC Lucius Caesar takes the toga virilis and is made a princeps iuventutis, a sevir turmae, and is allowed to give his opinion in the senate, having been designated consul; the elder Julia is banished; Tiberius and the elder Julia divorce.
1 BC Gaius Caesar begins tour of the eastern empire.
AD 1 Gaius Caesar and L. Aemilius Paullus are consuls.
AD 2 Lucius Caesar dies in Spain; M. Lollius dies in Syria; Tiberius returns to Rome; Gaius Caesar seriously wounded in Syria.
AD 4 Gaius Caesar dies in January; members of Gaius Caesar’s entourage executed in Rome; Tiberius and Agrippa Postumus adopted by Augustus on 26 June; the elder Julia moved to Rhegium; Tiberius receives tribunicia potestas and imperium for war in Germany.
AD 5 Lex Valeria Cornelia passed; Agrippa Postumus takes toga virilis; Rome flooded for eight days; food shortage in Rome; legions and praetorian cohorts threaten to strike.
AD 6 January - revolt begins in Illyricum; February to April - tumultus declaration is made and an emergency decree authorizing Tiberius’ control of the war in Illyricum is passed, troops are levied in Rome, an inheritance tax is instituted; April to May - levied troops reach Illyricum; June to September–a severe grain shortage occurs in Italy, war begins in Illyricum; August to early September–an emergency decree is passed on account of severe grain shortage; September - fires in Rome lead to the formation of the vigiles; October to December - mass protests occur and seditious pamphlets emerge, rumour circulates (p.236) that Tiberius is planning to seize power, Aemilius Paullus is indicted for maiestas; late November to December—Agrippa is made abdicatus and sent to Surrentum, the younger Julia is sent away from the city, gladiatorial games are presented by Germanicus and Claudius; early December—Germanicus is made a quaestor.
AD 7 Tiberius dedicates temple of Castor and Pollux; Germanicus is quaestor in Illyrian war; food shortage in Rome; sales tax introduced; unrest at elections; Agrippa relegated and incarcerated on island of Planasia by senatus consultum.
AD 8 The younger Julia, D. Junius Silanus, and Ovid exiled; Cassius Severus exiled; Augustus’ health deteriorates, preventing him from attending elections and most senate meetings.
AD 9 Varian disaster in Germany.
AD 10 Tiberius dedicates temple of Concord on 16 January.
AD 11 Augustus publishes his horoscope; problems with praetorian elections; Asinius Epicadus and Lucius Audasius attempt to free Agrippa Postumus, the elder Julia, and possibly others from their places of exile.
AD 12 Germanicus consul; Germanicus placed in the senate’s care and the senate placed in Tiberius’ care; pamphlets critical of the government are published; Tiberius receives imperium equal to that of Augustus in every province and over every legion.
AD 13 Tiberius receives tribunicia potestas for another term; Augustus finalizes his will; semenstre consilium reconstructed, able to pass decrees; popular anger concerning vicesima hereditatium threatens to erupt.
AD 14–AD 16
May L. Aemilius Paullus dies.
May–June Augustus and Tiberius complete census and perform a lustrum.
19 August Augustus dies; Tiberius informed of Augustus’ death.
20 August Tiberius reaches Nola; Tiberius sends letters to the consuls and provinces.
21–22 August News of Augustus’ death reaches Rome; oath of allegiance to Tiberius sworn in Rome; Crispus (p.237) sends to Planasia the order to execute Agrippa Postumus; funeral procession leaves Nola.
24–25 August Agrippa Postumus executed; Sempronius Gracchus executed (?)
25–27 Aug. News of Augustus’ death reaches troops in Pannonia.
27–28 August Tiberius informed by centurion that Agrippa Postumus is dead.
28–30 Aug. News of Augustus’ death reaches troops in Lower Germany.
1–4 September Funeral procession reaches Rome; first senate meeting of the month to discuss funeral arrangements; news circulates in Rome that Agrippa Postumus has been put to death.
4–5 September News of mutiny in Pannonia reaches Rome; Germanicus sends a report of the unrest in Lower Germany to Rome.
5–16 September Augustus’ funeral; Germanicus’ report to Tiberius and the senate reaches Rome; Tiberius is made aware of Drusus Libo’s position by Vescularius Flaccus.
17 September Augustus deified; Germanicus receives imperium proconsulare; the senate votes to send to Germanicus a senatorial delegation; Tiberius ‘ceases to refuse and to be asked’ to accept the supreme power.
18 September Drusus Caesar leaves for Pannonia.
18–26 September Tiberius offers to recommend Drusus Libo for the praetorship, as Augustus had done; Drusus Libo accepts Tiberius’ offer; Drusus Caesar arrives at camp in Pannonia.
27 September Drusus Caesar sends report to Rome.
27 October to September Tiberius formally accepts supreme power; his first act is to sponsor a rationalization of the electoral procedure; at a senatorial meeting senators are asked to vote on the candidates for that year, the winners become ‘destined’.
(p.238) 4–6 October Drusus Caesar’s report reaches Rome.
October–December The elder Julia dies.
AD 15 Drusus Caesar consul; Drusus Libo praetor.
AD 16 L. Scribonius Libo consul; news emerges in Italy and Rome that Agrippa Postumus is alive; Clemens gathers support in northern Italy and southern Gaul; Tiberius asks Germanicus to return to Rome; Germanicus resists.
11 September Drusus Libo is charged with maiestas.
12 September Drusus Libo commits suicide.
13 September Senate publishes its opinion on the case of Drusus Libo and public thanks are offered to Jupiter, Mars, and Concord.
October–December Clemens captured; the conspiracy dissolves.