Even if one may theoretically argue that Security Council action has engaged UN international responsibility, the question remains as to who is competent to determine that the UN has become responsible. This chapter surveys the possibility there exists any court or tribunal, including the ICJ and domestic or supranational courts, that can either make such a judicial determination or that can ‘judicially review’ the acts of the Council. It argues that no court may authoritatively determine UN responsibility in this case with binding force. It further defines the notion of ‘judicial review’ as internal, hierarchical, binding, and systematic control of normative acts, and concludes that there can be no judicial review of Security Council action by any court.
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