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Decision Making, Affect, and LearningAttention and Performance XXIII$
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Mauricio R. Delgado, Elizabeth A. Phelps, and Trevor W. Robbins

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199600434

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.001.0001

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The neural basis of positive and negative emotion regulation: implications for decision making

The neural basis of positive and negative emotion regulation: implications for decision making

Chapter:
(p.311) Chapter 14 The neural basis of positive and negative emotion regulation: implications for decision making
Source:
Decision Making, Affect, and Learning
Author(s):

Laura N. Martin

Mauricio R. Delgado (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0014

Emotions can influence our behaviours in many beneficial ways important for human survival. At times, however, emotions can also promote maladaptive responses, such as drug-seeking behaviours, carried out after intense feelings of cravings. One way to cope with irregularities in emotional responding is the use of cognitive strategies that attempt to modulate emotions that are anticipated or experienced. Research has demonstrated that the successful application of cognitive emotion regulation strategies can effectively enhance and attenuate emotion, irrespective of its valence (i.e., negative or positive). Such cognitive regulation techniques are thought to be dependent on cortical modulation of subcortical regions typically linked with affective learning and emotional-related responses, such as the amygdala and the striatum. This chapter reviews recent advances in neuroimaging research, probing the efficacious application of emotion regulation strategies on both negative and positive emotions. Further, it considers potential extensions of this research that focuses on the influence of emotion regulation on decision making, probing a mechanism for changing maladaptive behaviours.

Keywords:   neuroimaging research, emotion regulation, decision making, maladaptive behaviours, emotions

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