Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Muslim ChildhoodReligious Nurture in a European Context$

Jonathan Scourfield, Sophie Gilliat-Ray, Asma Khan, and Sameh Otri

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199600311

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600311.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 20 June 2018

(p.218) (p.219) References

(p.218) (p.219) References

Muslim Childhood
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Abbas, T. (2010). Muslim-on-Muslim social research: knowledge, power and religio-cultural identities. Social Epistemology 24(2): 123–36.

Abercrombie, N. (2004). Sociology: A Short Introduction. Cambridge: Polity.

Ahmed, F. (2012). Tarbiyah for shakhsiyah (educating for identity): seeking out culturally coherent pedagogy for Muslim children in Britain. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education: 42(5): 725–49.

Ali, S. H. (2009). Islam and Education: Conflict and Conformity in Pakistan’s Madrassahs. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Amer, F. (1997). Islamic supplementary education in Britain—a critique. PhD, Birmingham: University of Birmingham.

Ammerman, N. (ed.) (2007). Everyday Religion: Observing Modern Religious Lives. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ammerman, N. (2009). Congregations: local, social and religious. In P. B. Clarke (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 562–80.

Ansari, H. (2004). The ‘Infidel’ Within: Muslims in Britain, 1800 to the Present. London: Hurst.

Anthias, F. (2002). Where do I belong? Narrating collective identity and translocational positionality. Ethnicities 2(4): 491–514.

Anwar, M. (1979). The Myth of Return. London: Heinemann Educational Books.

Approachable Parenting (2013). 5 Pillars of Parenting. 〈http://www.approachableparenting.com〉

Association of Muslim Social Scientists/FAIR (2004). Muslims on Education: A Position Paper. Richmond: Association of Muslim Social Scientists.

Bagnall, G., Longhurst, B., and Savage, M. (2003). Children, belonging and social capital: the PTA and middle class narratives of social involvement in the north-west of England. Sociological Research Online 8(4): 〈http://www.socresonline.org.uk/8/4/bagnall.html〉

Bak, M. and van Bromssen, K. (2010). Interrogating childhood and diaspora through the voices of children in Sweden. Childhood 17(1): 113–28.

Barnes, M. and Morris, K. (2007). Networks, connectedness and resilience: learning from the Children’s Fund in context. Social Policy and Society 6(2): 193–7.

Barrett, J. (2007). Cognitive science of religion: What is it and why is it? Religion Compass 1(6): 768–86.

(p.220) Barrett, J. (2011). Cognitive science of religion: looking back, looking forward. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 50(2): 229–39.

Barrett, M. (2005). Children’s understanding of, and feelings about, countries and national groups. In M. Barrett and E. Buchanan-Barrow (eds) Children’s Understanding of Society. Hove: Psychology Press.

Barthes, F. (1993). Balinese Worlds. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Barton, S. (1986). The Bengali Muslims of Bradford: a Study of their Observance of Islam with Special Reference to the Function of the Mosque and the Work of the Imam. Leeds: Community Religions Project, University of Leeds.

Bauman, Z. (2004a). Identity. Cambridge: Polity.

Bauman, Z. (2004b). Wasted Lives: Modernity and its Outcasts. Cambridge: Polity.

Beaujouan, É. and Ní Bhrolcháin, M. (2011). Cohabitation and marriage in Britain since the 1970s. Population Trends 145: 35–59.

Becher, H. (2008). Family Practices in South Asian Muslim Families: Parenting in a Multi-Faith Britain. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Beck, U. and Beck-Gernsheim, E. (2001). Individualization. London: Sage.

Bengtson, V. L., Copen, C. E., Putney, N., and Silverstein, M. (2009). A longitudinal study of the intergenerational transmission of religion. International Sociology 24(3): 325–45.

Berger, P. (1967). The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion. New York: Anchor Books.

Berger, P. (1999). The desecularization of the world: a global overview. In P. Berger (ed.) The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics. Washington, DC: Ethics and Public Policy Center.

Berliner, D. and Sarró, R. (eds) (2007a). Learning Religion: Anthropological Approaches. New York: Berghahn.

Berliner, D. and Sarró, R. (2007b). On learning religion. An introduction. In D. Berliner and R. Sarró (eds) Learning Religion: Anthropological Approaches, New York: Berghahn.

Bierens, H., Hughes, N., Hek, R., and Spicer, N. (2007). Preventing social exclusion of refugee and asylum-seeking children: building new networks. Social Policy and Society 6(2): 219–29.

Birt, J. and Lewis, P. (2010). Producing Islamic knowledge: transmission and dissemination in Western Europe. In Allievi, S. and Bruinessen, M. V. (eds) Producing Islamic Knowledge in Western Europe. London: Routledge, pp. 91–120.

Birt, Y. (2008). Takeaway lives. Emel, February issue, p. 18.

Bolognani, M. (2007). Islam, ethnography and politics: methodological issues in researching amongst West Yorkshire Pakistanis in 2005. International Journal of Social Research Methodology 10(4): 279–93.

Bond, R. (2006). Belonging and becoming: national identity and exclusion. Sociology 40(4): 609–26.

Borland, M., Laybourn, A., Hill, M., and Brown, J. (1998). Middle Childhood: The Perspectives of Children and Parents. London: Jessica Kingsley.

Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction. A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. New York: Routledge.

(p.221) Boyatzis, C. J., Dollahite, D. C., and Marks, L. D. (2006). The family as a context for religious and spiritual development in children and youth. In E. Roehlkepartain, P. Ebstyne King, L. Wagener, and P. L. Benson (eds) The Handbook of Spiritual Development in Childhood and Adolescence. London: Sage, pp. 297–309.

Boyle, H. (2004). Quranic Schools: Agents of Preservation and Change. London: Routledge Falmer.

Boyer, P. (1994). The Naturalness of Religious Ideas. A Cognitive Theory of Religion. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Boyer, P. (2000). Functional origins of religious concepts: ontological and strategic selection in evolved minds. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 6: 195–214.

Breen, D. (2009). Reflections on the positionality of the white, male non-Muslim researcher in Muslim primary schools: the realities of researching Muslim women. Presentation at the ‘Researching Muslims in Britain’ conference, Cardiff, April 15.

Brice, K. (2010). A Minority Within a Minority: A Report on Converts to Islam in the United Kingdom. London: Faith Matters.

Brubaker, R. and Cooper, F. (2000). Beyond ‘identity’. Theory and Society 29: 1–47.

Bruce, S. (1996). Religion in the Modern World: From Cathedrals to Cults. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bruce, S. (2002). God is Dead: Secularization in the West. Oxford: Blackwell.

Bunt, G. (1998). Decision-making concerns in British Islamic environments. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 9(1): 103–13.

Cadge, W. and Ecklund, E. H. (2007). Immigration and religion. Annual Review of Sociology 33: 359–79.

Cadge, W., Levitt, P., and Smilde, D. (2011). De-centering and re-centering: rethinking concepts and methods in the sociological study of religion. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 50(3):437–49.

Cantle, T. (2001). Community Cohesion: A Report of the Independent Review Team. London: Home Office.

Castells, M. (1997). The Power of Identity, Oxford: Blackwell.

Cesari, J. (2004). Islam in the West: modernity and globalization revisited. In B. Schaebler and L. Stenberg (eds) Globalization and the Muslim World: Culture, Religion, and Modernity. New York: Syracuse University Press, pp. 80–92.

Chambers, P. (2006). Secularisation, Wales and Islam. Journal of Contemporary Religion 21(3): 325–340.

Charsley, K. (2006). Risk and ritual: the protection of British Pakistani women in transnational marriage. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 32(7): 1169–87.

Charsley, K. (2007). Risk, trust, gender and transnational cousin marriage among British Pakistanis. Ethnic and Racial Studies 30(6): 1117–31.

Cherti, M. and Bradley, L. (2011). Inside Madrassas. London: Institute for Public Policy Research.

Clarke, A. (2004). The Mosaic approach and research with young children In V. Lewis, M. Kellett, and C. Robinson (eds) The Reality of Research with Children and Young People. London: Sage.

(p.222) Clayton, J. (2011). Living the multicultural city: acceptance, belonging and young identities in the city of Leicester, England. Ethnic and Racial Studies 35(9): 1673–93.

Coffey, A. (1999). The Ethnographic Self. London: Sage.

Cohen, J. (1960). A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales. Educational and Psychological Measurement 20: 37.

Cohen, R. (1995). Fuzzy frontiers of identity: The British case. Social Identities 1(1): 35–62.

Coles, M. (2008). Every Muslim Child Matters. Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham Books.

Condor, S. (2000). Pride and prejudice: identity management in English people’s talk about ‘this country’. Discourse and Society 11(2): 175–205.

Connor, P. (2010). Contexts of immigrant receptivity and immigrant religious outcomes: the case of Muslims in Western Europe. Ethnic and Racial Studies 33(3): 376–403.

Crockett, A. and Voas, D. (2006). Generations of decline: religious change in 20th century Britain. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 45(4): 567–84.

Dahya, B. (1973). Pakistanis in Britain: transients or settlers? Race 14(3): 241–77.

Dahya, B. (1974). The nature of Pakistani ethnicity in industrial cities in Britain. In A. Cohen (ed.) Urban Ethnicity. London: Tavistock, pp. 77–118.

Davie, G. (1994). Religion in Britain Since 1945: Believing Without Belonging. Oxford: Blackwell.

Davie, G. (2007). The Sociology of Religion. London: Sage.

Dawkins, R. (2006). The God Delusion. New York: Bantam Books.

Demerath, N. J. III (2007). Secularization and sacralisation deconstructed and reconstructed. In J. A. Beckford and N. J. Demerath III (eds) The Sage Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. London: Sage, pp. 56–80.

Dinham, A. Furbey, R., and Lowndes, V. (eds) (2009). Faith in the Public Realm: Controversies, Policies and Practices. Bristol: Policy Press.

Eggers, D. (2009). Zeitoun. London: Hamish Hamilton.

Eickelman, D. E. and Piscatori, J. (2004). Muslim Politics second edition. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Esposito, J. and Mogahed, D. (2007). Who Speaks for Islam? What a Billion Muslims Really Think. New York: Gallup Press.

Evans, N. (1985). Regulating the reserve army: Arabs, Blacks and the local state in Cardiff, 1919–1945. Immigrants and Minorities 4(2): 68–115.

Family Links (2012). Information on the Nurturing Programme’s ‘Islamic values’ parenting programme. 〈http://www.familylinks.org.uk/training/nurturing-programme-islamic-values.html〉

Fatherhood Institute (2010). Research Summary: Muslim Fathers. 〈http://www.fatherhoodinstitute.org/2010/fatherhood-institute-research-summary-muslim-fathers/〉

Field, C. D. (2011). Young British Muslims since 9/11: a composite attitudinal profile. Religion, State and Society 39(2/3): 159–75.

Finch, J. (2007). Displaying families. Sociology 41(1): 65–81.

(p.223) Finch, J. (2008). Naming names: kinship, individuality and personal names. Sociology 42(4): 709–25.

Foucault, M. (1977). Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. London: Penguin.

Fowler, J. (1981). Stages of Faith: The Psychology of Human Development. NY: Harper and Row.

Gellner, E. (1981). Muslim Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gent, B. (2005). Intercultural learning: education and Islam—a case study. In: R. Jackson and U. McKenna (eds) Intercultural Education and Religious Plurality. Oslo: Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief, pp. 43–53.

Gent, B. (2006). The educational experience of British Muslims: some life-story images, Muslim Education Quarterly 23(3–4): 33–42.

Gent, B. (2006a). The educational experience of British Muslims: some life-story images, Muslim Education Quarterly 23(3–4): 33–42.

Gent, B. (2006b). Muslim supplementary classes and the wider learning community. Ed.D, Coventry: University of Warwick

Gent, B. (2011). The world of the British hifz class student: observations, findings and implications for education and further research. British Journal of Religious Education 33(1): 3–15.

Gent, B. (2011a). ‘But you can’t retire as a hafiz’: Fieldwork within a British Hifz class. Muslim Education Quarterly 24(1–2): 55–63.

Gent, B. (2011b). The world of the British hifz class student: observations, findings and implications for education and further research. British Journal of Religious Education 33(1): 3–15.

Gibbon, J. (2008). God is great, God is good: teaching God concepts in Turkish Islamic sermons. Poetics 36: 389–403.

Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Giddens, A. (1992). The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love and Eroticism in Modern Societies. Cambridge: Polity.

Giddens, A. (2002). Runaway World. Exeter: Profile Books.

Gilliat-Ray, S. (2000). The sociology of religious specialists. In P. Baltes and N. Smelser (eds) International Encyclopaedia of the Social and Behavioural Sciences. Surrey: Elsevier Science 19: 13132–6.

Gilliat-Ray, S. (2003). Nursing, professionalism and spirituality. Journal of Contemporary Religion 18(3): 335–49.

Gilliat-Ray, S. (2005). Closed worlds: (not) accessing Deobandi dar ul-uloom in Britain. Fieldwork in Religion 1(1): 7–33.

Gilliat-Ray, S. (2006). Educating the Ulema: centres of Islamic religious training in Britain. Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations 17(1): 55–76.

Gilliat-Ray, S. (2010). Body-works and fieldwork: research with British Muslim chaplains. Culture and Religion 11(4): 413–32.

Gilliat-Ray, S. (2010). Muslims in Britain: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

(p.224) Gilliat-Ray, S. (2011). Being there: the experience of shadowing a British Muslim hospital chaplain. Qualitative Research 11(5): 469–86.

Gilliat-Ray, S. and Mellor J. (2010). Bilad al-Welsh (Land of the Welsh): Muslims in Cardiff, south Wales: past, present and future. The Muslim World 100(4): 452–75.

Goffman, E. (1990 [1959]). The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. London: Penguin.

Greenlaw, L. (2007). The Importance of Music to Girls. London: Faber and Faber.

Guest, M. (2009). The reproduction and transmission of religion. In P. B. Clarke (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hafez, S. (2003). Safe Children, Sound Learning: Guidance for Madressahs. Huddersfield: Kirklees Metropolitan Council.

Haider, G. (1996). Muslim space and the practice of architecture. In B. D. Metcalf (ed.) Making Muslim Space in North America and Europe. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 31–45.

Hall, R (2004). Inside out: some notes on carrying out feminist research in cross-cultural interviews with South Asian women immigration applicants. International Journal of Social Research Methodology 7: 2.

Halstead, J. M. (2004). ‘An Islamic Concept of Education’. Comparative Education 40(4): 517–29.

Halstead, M. (2005). Muslims in the UK and education. In Choudhury, T. (ed.) Muslims in the UK: Policies for Engaged Citizens. Budapest: Open Society Institute, pp. 101–92.

Hammad, I. M. (2012). Factors that cause stress for Islamic Studies teachers in the UK. European Journal of Social Sciences 30(4): 597–611.

Hayes, B. C. and Pittelkow, Y. (1993). Religious belief, transmission, and the family: an Australian study. Journal of Marriage and Family 55: 755–66.

Heelas, P. and Woodhead, L., with Seel, B., Szerszynski, B., and Tusting, K. (2005). The Spiritual Revolution. Why Religion is Giving Way to Spirituality. Oxford: Blackwell.

Heffner, R. and Zaman, M. Q. (2007a). Introduction. In: R. Heffner and M. Q. Zaman (eds) Schooling Islam: The Culture and Politics of Modern Muslim Education. Princeton/Oxford: Princeton University Press, pp. 1–39.

Heffner, R. and Zaman, M. Q. (eds) (2007b). Schooling Islam: The Culture and Politics of Modern Muslim Education. Princeton/Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Hemming, P. (2011). Educating for religious citizenship: multiculturalism and national identity in an English multi-faith primary school. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 36: 441–54.

Hemming, P. J. and Madge, N. (2011). Researching children, youth and religion: identity, complexity and agency. Childhood 19(1): 38–51.

Herberg, W. (1955). Protestant, Catholic, Jew: An Essay in American Religious Sociology. Garden City, NJ: Doubleday.

(p.225) Hervieu-Léger, D. (1998). The transmission and formation of socioreligious identities in modernity. International Sociology 13(2): 213–28.

Hervieu-Léger, D. (2000). Religion as a Chain of Memory. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

Hewer, C. (2001). Schools for Muslims. Oxford Review of Education 27(4): 515–27.

Hewitt, R. (1996). Routes of Racism. Trentham Books: Stoke on Trent.

Hill, M. (1989). The role of social networks in the care of young children. Children and Society 3(3): 195–211.

Hill, M. (1997). Research review: participatory research with children. Child and Family Social Work 2: 171–83.

Hoge, D. R., Petrillo, G. H., and Smith, E. I. (1982). Transmission of religious and social values from parents to teenage children. Journal of Marriage and Family 44(3): 569–80.

Holland, J., Reynolds, T., and Weller, S. (2007). Transitions, networks and communities: the significance of social capital in the lives of children and young people. Journal of Youth Studies 10(1): 97–116.

Holland, S. and O’Neill, S. (2006). ‘We had to be there to make sure it was what we wanted’: Enabling children’s participation in family decision-making through the family group conference. Childhood 13(1): 91–111.

Hopkins, P. (2007). ‘Blue squares’, ‘proper Muslims’ and transnational networks: Narratives of national and religious identities amongst young Muslim men living in Scotland. Ethnicities 7: 61.

Hurdley, R. (2006). Dismantling mantelpieces: narrating identities and materializing culture in the home. Sociology 40(4): 717–33.

Husain, A. (2004). Islamic education: why is there a need for it? Journal of Beliefs and Values 25(3): 317–23.

Hussain, S. (2008). Muslims on the Map: A National Survey of Social Trends in Britain. London: I. B. Tauris.

Institute of Community Cohesion (2008). Understanding and Appreciating Muslim Diversity: Towards Better Engagement and Participation. Coventry: iCoCo.

Jackson, R. and Nesbitt, E. (1993). Hindu Children in Britain. Stoke on Trent: Trentham.

Jacobson, J. (1998). Islam in Transition: Religion and Identity amongst British Pakistani Youth. London: Routledge.

James, A., Jenks, C., and Prout, A. (1998). Theorising Childhood. Cambridge: Polity.

James, A. and Prout, A. (1997). Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood: Contemporary Issues in the Sociological Study of Childhood. London: Routledge.

Jamieson, L. (1998). Intimacy. Cambridge: Polity.

Jenkins, R. (2002). Pierre Bourdieu. London: Routledge.

Kalra, V. (2000). From Textile Mills to Taxi Ranks: Experiences of Migration, Labour and Social Change. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Kemp, C. (1996). Islamic cultures: health care beliefs and practices, American Journal of Health Behaviour 20(3): 83–9.

King, J. (1997). Tablighi Jamaat and the Deobandi mosques in Britain. In S. Vertovec and C. Peach (eds) Islam in Europe: the Politics of Religion and Community. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press, pp. 129–46.

(p.226) Leonard, M. (2004). Bonding and bridging social capital: reflections from Belfast. Sociology 38(5): 927–44.

Leonard, M. (2005). Children, childhood and social capital: exploring the links. Sociology 39(4): 605–22.

Lewis, P. (2007). Young, British, and Muslim. London: Continuum.

MacInnes, J. (2004). The sociology of identity: social science or social comment? British Journal of Sociology 55(4): 531–43.

Mahmood, S. (2012 [2001]). Rehearsed spontaneity and the conventionality of ritual: disciplines of salat. In J. Kreinath (ed.) The Anthropology of Islam Reader. Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 121–41.

Mandaville, P. (2001). Transnational Muslim Politics: Reimagining the Umma. London: Routledge.

Martin, D. (2005). On Secularization: Towards a Revised General Theory. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Martinez, P. (2009). Muslim homeschooling. In Y. Y. Haddad, F. Senzai and J. I. Smith (eds) Educating the Muslims of America. New York: Oxford University Press.

Mateos, P., Longley, P. A., and O’Sullivan, D. (2011). Ethnicity and population structure in personal naming networks. PLoS ONE 6(9): e22943. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022943.

Mazumdar, S. and Mazumdar, S. (2005). The articulation of religion in domestic space: rituals in the immigrant Muslim home. In: P. Stewart and A. Strathern (eds) Contesting Rituals: Islam and Practices of Identity-Making. Durham, North Carolina: Carolina Academic Press, pp. 125–45.

McGuire, M. (2008). Lived Religion: Faith and Practice in Everyday Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McIntosh, I., Sim, D., and Robertson, D. (2004). ‘We hate the English, but not you because you’re our pal’: Identification of the ‘English’ in Scotland. Sociology 38(1): 43–59.

McLoughlin, S. (2000). Researching Muslim minorities: some reflections on fieldwork in Britain. Journal of Semitic Studies Supplements, Oxford University Press 12: 175–94.

Meer, N. (2007). Muslim Schools in Britain: challenging mobilisations or logical developments? Asia Pacific Journal of Education 27(1): 55–71.

Meer, N. (2009). Identity articulations, mobilization, and autonomy in the movement for Muslim schools in Britain. Race Ethnicity and Education 12(3): 379–99.

Mellor, P. and Shilling, C. (2010). Body pedagogics and the religious habitus: a new direction for the sociological study of religion. Religion 40: 27–38.

Mercia Group (2006). Review of the Evidence Base on Faith Communities. London: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.

Merry, M. (2007). Culture, Identity and Islamic Schooling: a Philosophical Approach. London: Macmillan.

Metcalf, B. (ed.) (1996). Making Muslim Space in North America and Europe. Berkeley: University of California Press.

(p.227) Mills, S. (2009). Citizenship and faith: Muslim scout groups. In R. Phillips (ed.) Muslim Spaces of Hope: Geographies of Possibility in Britain and the West. London: Zed Books, pp. 85–103.

Mirza, K. (1989). The Silent Cry: Second Generation Bradford Women Speak. Birmingham: CSIC.

Modood, T. (2010). Still Not Easy Being British: Struggles for a Multicultural Citizenship. Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham Books.

Modood, T., Beishon, S., and Virdee, S. (1994). Changing Ethnic Identities. London: Policy Studies Institute.

Modood, T., Berthoud, R., Lakey, J., Nazroco, J., Smith, P., Virdee, S., and Beishon, S. (1997). Ethnic Minorities in Britain: Diversity and Disadvantage. The Fourth National Survey of Ethnic Minorities in Britain. London: Policy Studies Institute.

Mogra, I. (2004). Makatib education in Britain: a review of trends and some suggestions for policy. Muslim Education Quarterly 21(4): 19–27.

Mogra, I. (2005). Moving forward with Makatib: the role of reformative sanctions. Muslim Education Quarterly 22(3 and 4): 52–64.

Mogra, I. (2010). Teachers and teaching: a contemporary Muslim understanding. Religious Education 105(3): 317–29.

Mogra, I. (2011). On Being a Muslim Teacher in England. American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 28(2): 34–62.

Mohammad, R. (2005). Negotiating spaces of the home, the education system, and the labour market: The case of young, working-class, British Pakistani Muslim women. In G.-W. Falah and C. Nagel (eds) Geographies of Muslim Women: Gender, Religion and Space. New York: The Guildford Press, pp. 178–200.

Mondal, A. (2008). Young British Muslim Voices. Oxford: Greenwood World Publishing.

Morgan, D. (1996). Family Connections: An Introduction to Family Studies, Cambridge: Polity.

Morgan, D. (2011a). Locating ‘family practices’. Sociological Research Online 16(4): 14. 〈http://www.socresonline.org.uk/16/4/14.html

Morgan, D. (2011b). Rethinking Family Practices. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Morrow, V. (1999). Conceptualising social capital in relation to the well-being of children and young people: a critical review. Sociological Review 47(4): 744–65.

Mukadam, M. and Scott-Baumann, A. (2010). The training and development of Muslim Faith leaders: Current practice and future possibilities. London: Communities and Local Government.

Murata, S. (1992). The Tao of Islam: A Sourcebook on Gender Relationships in Islamic Thought. New York: State University of New York Press.

Nesbitt, E (1999). Researching 8 to 13 year-olds’ perspectives on their experience of religion. In A. Lewis and G. Lindsay (eds) Researching Children’s Perspectives. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Nesbitt, E. (2004). Intercultural Education: Ethnographic and Religious Approaches. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press.

(p.228) Nesbitt, E. and Arweck, E. (2010). Issues arising from an ethnographic investigation of the religious identity formation of young people in mixed-faith families. Fieldwork in Religion 5(1): 8–31.

Nielsen, J. (1981). Muslim education at home and abroad. British Journal of Religious Education 3(3): 94–9.

O’Beirne, M. (2004). Religion in England and Wales: Findings from the 2001 Home Office Citizenship Survey. Home Office Research Study 274. London: Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate.

O’Brien, M., Rustin, M., Jones, D., and Sloan, D. (2000). Children’s independent spatial mobility in the urban public realm. Childhood 7(3): 257–77.

Oakley, A. (1981). Interviewing women: a contradiction in terms. In H. Roberts (ed.) Doing Feminist Research. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Oestergaard, K. (2009). The process of becoming Muslim: ritualization and embodiment. Journal of Ritual Studies 23(1): 1–14.

Office for National Statistics (ONS) (2005). The National Statistics Socio-Economic Classification User Manual. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Office for National Statistics (ONS) (2006). Focus on Ethnicity and Religion, 2006 edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ollwig, K. F. and Gulløv, E. (2003). Towards an anthropology of children and place. In K. F. Ollwig and E. Gulløv (eds) Children’s Places: Cross-Cultural Perspectives. London: Routledge, pp. 1–20.

Omar, A. (2009). Fiqh of charity in the UK: Methodological issues in researching amongst Muslims in Wiltshire. Presentation at the ‘Researching Muslims in Britain’ conference, Cardiff, April 15.

Orsi, R. (2004). Between Heaven and Earth. The Religious Worlds People Make and the Scholars who Study Them. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Østberg, S. (2006). Islamic nurture and identity management: The life world of Muslim children and young people in Norway. In R. Jackson and A. McGrady (eds) The International Handbook of the Religious, Moral and Spiritual Dimensions in Education. Berlin: Springer.

Parker-Jenkins, M. (1995). Children of Islam. A Teacher’s Guide to Meeting the Needs of Muslim Pupils. Stoke on Trent: Trentham Books.

Peach, C. (2006). Muslims in the 2001 Census of England and Wales: gender and economic disadvantage. Ethnic and Racial Studies 29(4): 629–55.

Peter, F. (2006). Individualization and religious authority in Western European Islam. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 17(1): 105–18.

Phillips, D. (2006). Parallel lives? Challenging discourses of British Muslim self-segregation. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 24(1): 25–40.

Phillips, D. (2009). Creating home spaces: young British Muslim women’s identity and conceptualisations of home. in Hopkins, P. and Gale, R. (eds) Muslims in Britain: Race, Place and Identities. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 23–36.

Phillipson, C., Ahmed, N., and Latimer, J. (2003). Women in Transition: A Study of the Experiences of Bangladeshi Women Living in Tower Hamlets. Bristol: The Policy Press.

(p.229) Pinker, S. (2003). The Blank Slate. The Modern Denial of Human Nature. London: Penguin.

Pinquart, M. and Silbereisen, R. K. (2004). Transmission of values from adolescents to their parents: the role of value content and authoritative parenting. Adolescence 39(153): 83–100.

Pluss, C. (2009). Migration and the globalization of religion. In P. B. Clark (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 491–506.

Prout, A. (2005). The Future of Childhood. Abingdon: Routledge.

Putnam, R.D. (2000). Bowling Alone. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Qureshi, K., Charsley, K., and Shaw, A. (2012). Marital instability amongst British Pakistanis: transnationality, conjugalities and Islam. Ethnic and Racial Studies: online advance access. DOI: 10.1080/01419870.2012.720691.

Revell, L. (2010). Religious education, conflict and diversity: an exploration of young children’s perceptions of Islam, Educational Studies 36(2): 207–15.

Roberts, B. (1995). Welsh identity in a former mining valley: social images and imagined communities. Contemporary Wales 7: 77–95.

Roehlkepartain, E., Ebstyne King, P., Wagener, L., and Benson, P. L. (eds) (2006a). The Handbook of Spiritual Development in Childhood and Adolescence. London: Sage.

Roehlkepartain, E., Ebstyne King, P., Wagener, L., and Benson, P. L (2006b). Spiritual development in childhood and adolescence: Moving to the scientific mainstream. In E. Roehlkepartain, P. Ebstyne King, L. Wagener, and P.L. Benson (eds) (2006). The Handbook of Spiritual Development in Childhood and Adolescence. London: Sage, pp. 1–15.

Rosowsky, A. (2012). Faith, phonics and identity: reading in faith complementary schools. Literacy: on-line ‘early view’ in advance of print. DOI: 10.1111/j.1741-4369.2012.00669.x.

Roy, O. (2004). Globalized Islam. New York: Columbia University Press.

Saifullah-Khan, V. (1976). Pakistanis in Britain: perceptions of a population. New Community 5(3): 222–9.

Sanghera, G. and Thapar-Bjorkert, S. (2008). Methodological dilemmas: gatekeepers and positionality in Bradford. Ethnic and Racial Studies 31(3): 543–62.

Scheitle, C. P. and Dougherty, K. D. (2008). The sociology of religious organizations. Sociology Compass 2/3: 981–99.

Schwartz, K. D., Bukowski, W. M., and Aoki, W. T. (2006). Mentors, friends, and gurus: peer and nonparent influences on spiritual development. in E. Roehlkepartain, P. Ebstyne King, L. Wagener, and P. L. Benson (eds) The Handbook of Spiritual Development in Childhood and Adolescence. London: Sage, pp. 310–23.

Scourfield, J. and Davies, A. (2005). Children’s accounts of Wales as racialised and inclusive. Ethnicities 5(1): 83–107.

Scourfield, J., Dicks, B. Drakeford, M., and Davies, A. (2006). Children, Place and Identity: Nation and Locality in Middle Childhood. London: Routledge.

(p.230) Scourfield, J., Evans, J., Shah, W., and Beynon, H. (2005). The negotiation of minority ethnic identities in virtually all-white communities: research with children and their families in the South Wales Valleys. Children and Society 19: 211–24.

Seddon, M. S. (2010). Constructing identities of ‘difference’ and ‘resistance’: the politics of being Muslim and British. Social Semiotics 20(5): 557–71.

Shankland, D. (2004). Modes of religiosity and the legacy of Ernest Gellner. In H. Whitehouse and J. Laidlaw (eds) Ritual and Memory: Toward a Comparative Anthropology of Religion. Walnut Creek, CA: Alta Mira.

Shaw, A. (2000). Kinship and Continuity: Pakistani Families in Britain. London: Routledge.

Sherif, J. (2011). A Census chronicle—reflections on the campaign for a religion question in the 2001 Census for England and Wales. Journal of Beliefs and Values 32(1): 1–18.

Sherwood, M. (1988). Racism and resistance: Cardiff in the 1930s and 1940s. Llafur: Journal of the Society for the Study of Welsh Labour History 5(4): 51–71.

Shirani, F., Henwood, K., and Coltart, C. (2012). Meeting the challenges of intensive parenting culture: gender, risk management and the moral parent. Sociology 46(1): 25–40.

Smart, C. (2007). Personal Life. Cambridge: Polity.

Smart, C., Neale, B., and Wade, A. (2001). The Changing Experience of Childhood: Families and Divorce. Cambridge: Polity.

Smith, C. (2005). Soul Searching: The Religious and Spiritual Lives of American Teenagers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Smith, D. (1999). Wales: A Question for History. Bridgend: Seren.

Song. M. (2003). Choosing Ethnic Identity. Cambridge: Polity.

Spalek, B. (2005). A critical reflection on researching Black Muslim women’s lives post-September 11th. International Journal Social Research Methodology 8(5): 405–18.

Strathern, A. (1996). Body Thoughts. Ann Arbour: University of Michigan Press.

Sutton, P. W. and Vertigans, S. (2005). Resurgent Islam: A Sociological Approach. Cambridge: Polity.

Tackey, N. D., Casebourne, J., Aston, J., Ritchie, H., Sinclair, A., Tyers, C. Hurstfield, J., Willison, R., and Page, R. (2006). Barriers to Employment for Pakistanis and Bangladeshis in Britain. Leeds: Department for Work and Pensions Research Report No. 360.

Thomas, N., and O’Kane, C. (1999). Children’s participation in reviews and planning meetings when they are ‘looked after’ in middle childhood. Child and Family Social Work 4(3): 221–30.

Tinker, C. (2006). Islamophobia, social cohesion and autonomy: challenging the arguments against state funded Muslim schools in Britain. Muslim Education Quarterly 23(1 and 2): 4–19.

Tinker, C. (2009). Rights, social cohesion and identity: arguments for and against state-funded Muslim schools in Britain, Race, Ethnicity and Education 12(4): 539–53.

(p.231) Tinker, C. and Smart, A. (2012). Constructions of collective Muslim identity by advocates of Muslim schools in Britain. Ethnic and Racial Studies 34(4): 643–63.

Tohidi, N. and Bayes, J. H. (2001). Women redefining modernity and religion in the globalized context. In J. H. Bayes and N. Tohidi (eds) Globalization, Gender and Religion. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Van Gennep, A. ([1909] 1960). The Rites of Passage. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Voas, D. (2003). Intermarriage and the demography of secularisation. British Journal of Sociology 54(1): 83–108.

Voas, D. and Bruce, S. (2004). The 2001 census and Christian identification in Britain, Journal of Contemporary Religion 19(1): 23–8.

Voas, D. and Crockett, A. (2005). Religion in Britain: neither believing nor belonging. Sociology 39, 11–28.

Voas, D. and Fleischmann, F. (2012). Islam moves West: religious change in the first and second generations. Annual Review of Sociology 38: 525–45.

Waddy, C. (1990). The Muslim Mind. London: Grosvenor Books.

Welsh Assembly Government (2008). Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation Summary Report. 〈http://wales.gov.uk/docs/statistics/2010/100712wimd08summaryen.pdf〉

Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning and Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Werbner, P. (1990). The Migration Process. Oxford: Berg.

Whitehouse, H. (2002). Modes of religiosity: towards a cognitive explanation of the sociopolitical dynamics of religion. Method and Theory in the Study of Religion 14: 293–315.

Whitehouse, H. (2004). Modes of Religiosity: A Cognitive Theory of Religious Transmission. Walnut Creek, CA: Alta Mira.

Whitty, G. (2001). Education, social class and social exclusion. Journal of Education Policy 16(4): 287–95.

Williams, M. (2000). Interpretivism and generalisation. Sociology 34(2): 209–24.

Wilson, B. and Smallwood, S. (2008). The proportion of marriages ending in divorce. Population Trends 131: 28–36.

Winchester, D. (2008). Embodying the faith: religious practice and the making of a Muslim moral habitus. Social Forces 86(4): 1753–80.

Woodhead, L. (2010). Epilogue. In S. Collins-Mayo and B. Dandelion (eds) Religion and Youth. Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 239–41.

Woodhead, L. (2011). Five concepts of religion. International Review of Sociology 21(1): 121–43.

Woodhead, L. (2012). Tactical and strategic religion. Keynote address at the conference ‘Sacred Practices of Everyday Life’, University of Edinburgh, May 11th. 〈http://www.religionandsociety.org.uk/events/programme_events/show/linda_woodead_s_plenary_at_sacred_practices_of_everyday_life〉

Yee, W. C. and Andrews, J. (2006). Professional researcher or ‘good guest’? Ethical dilemmas involved in researching children and families in the home setting. Education Review 58(4): 397–413.

Zebiri, K. (2008). British Muslim Converts: Choosing Alternative Lives. Oxford: Oneworld.