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Law and NeuroscienceCurrent Legal Issues Volume 13$
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Michael Freeman

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199599844

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599844.001.0001

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Adolescent Brain Science and Juvenile Justice

Adolescent Brain Science and Juvenile Justice

Chapter:
(p.255) 14 Adolescent Brain Science and Juvenile Justice
Source:
Law and Neuroscience
Author(s):

Terry A. Maroney

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599844.003.0014

This chapter first traces the ascendance of developmental neuroscience within juvenile justice. It then demonstrates that, despite optimistic projections, adolescent brain science has had, is likely to have, and should have, only moderate impact in the courts. Neuroscience can, however, play a limited role in juvenile justice policy. It reinforces the (once) noncontroversial idea that, as a group, young people differ from adults in systematic ways directly relevant to their relative culpability, deterrability, and potential for rehabilitation. Therefore, legal decision-makers exercising a policy-making role — usually legislatures but sometimes the courts — ought to consider developmental neuroscience one source among many upon which to draw when making legally relevant assumptions about adolescents as a group.

Keywords:   developmental neuroscience, juvenile justice, adolescent brain science, young people, rehabilitation

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