Continued Collectivism: The Role of Trade Self-Management and the Social Democratic Party in Danish Vocational Education and Training
The present-day Danish vocational training system exhibits a strong collective orientation. After providing an overview of the way that the current system operates, this chapter adopts a historical perspective to depict the system’s achievement of its contemporary status. The period between 1857 and 1937 is first reviewed to explain how the craft trades managed to retain authority over the production of skills and then how a burgeoning social democratic party helped bring about trade “self-management” by having the social partners share responsibility for the coordination of vocational training. The bodies established to do this were the trade committees, each composed of equal members of representatives from trade unions and employer associations. The period from about 1950 is then reviewed to demonstrate the way that these earlier developments and partisan competition shaped the adjustment of the system to incorporate large segments of the population in an inclusive system.
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