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Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies$
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Petr Kopecký, Peter Mair, and Maria Spirova

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199599370

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.001.0001

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ContentsFRONT MATTER

Party Patronage in Austria: From Reward to Control

Chapter:
(p.31) Chapter 3 Party Patronage in Austria: From Reward to Control
Source:
Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies
Author(s):

Oliver Treib

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.003.0003

This chapter seeks to provide up-to-date empirical information on party patronage in Austria. The results of the empirical analysis indicate that patronage practices have undergone a significant transformation over the past fifteen or twenty years. Austria still belongs to the countries with high levels of patronage. However, the old system of mass patronage has given way to elite patronage, primarily targeting leadership positions, thus decreasing the depth of patronage. More importantly, Austria has witnessed a change in the logic of party patronage: while party political appointments used to be mostly reward-driven, the main goal of the current system is to gain control over institutions that are crucial for policy delivery. The chapter argues that the electoral and public pressure exerted by the anti-Proporz campaign of Haider’s Freedom Party played a key role in transforming the Austrian patronage system.

Keywords:   Austria, party patronage, reward, control, mass patronage, elite patronage, Haider, freedom party

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