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Thought in ActionExpertise and the Conscious Mind$
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Barbara Gail Montero

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199596775

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596775.001.0001

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What is an Expert?

What is an Expert?

(p.51) 3 What is an Expert?
Thought in Action

Barbara Gail Montero

Oxford University Press

What is an expert? Although there are abundant investigations into the psychology of expertise, few researchers agree on who are the experts and how we ought to identify them. Are experts those who have amassed a great amount of knowledge about a topic? Or should we think of experts as individuals whose abilities lie, say, two standard deviations above the mean? After addressing these and other proposed criteria for expertise (such as those by Guthrie; Fitts and Posner; Dreyfus and Dreyfus; Alvin Goldman; Ericsson and Charness; and Ericsson) this chapter identifies the relevant class of individuals who are to count as experts, roughly, those who have spent around ten years or more engaged in deliberate practice of their skill, which is practice with the specific aim of improving, and are still intent on improving.

Keywords:   expert, expertise, skill, deliberate practice, Guthrie, Fitts and Posner, Ericsson, Dreyfus and Dreyfus, Goldman, Charness

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