This chapter focuses on the optimistic Christians who envisaged the Exhibition as the herald of a better world. The first section shows that the dispersion at Babel (Gen. 11:1‐9) was seen by supporters of the Exhibition as conferring positive historical significance on contemporary events. Subsequently there is discussion of those religious writers who interpreted the gathering of people from many nations at the Exhibition as a sign of human progress and improvement. Congregationalists in particular conceived of a new reign of Christianity leading to a world order in which all people would develop higher moral sensibilities, live in harmony, and ultimately achieve salvation. In the final two sections the connections between the Exhibition, internationalism, and pacifism are examined, especially through the well‐attended Peace Congress held in London contemporaneously with the Exhibition.
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