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Motive and Rightness$
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Steven Sverdlik

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199594948

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.001.0001

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Testing Kantian Maxims

Testing Kantian Maxims

Chapter:
(p.76) 5 Testing Kantian Maxims
Source:
Motive and Rightness
Author(s):

Steven Sverdlik (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.003.0005

One version of Kant's Categorical Imperative—the Formula of Universal Law—speaks of testing an agent's ‘maxim’ for moral permissibility. A maxim is a truncated piece of practical reasoning that incorporates the motive of an action. So testing maxims for permissibility could in principle show that motives are relevant deontically. The logical relations of the results of testing maxims and the deontic status of actions are explained. The difference between strongly and weakly wrong‐making motives is explained, as is the difference between strongly and weakly obligation‐making motives. Korsgaard's Practical Contradiction Interpretation of the Formula is presented. The maxims needed for the purposes of running the test sometimes modify the motives that agents actually act on. An example of an action motivated by racism is tested for permissibility. Surprisingly, it passes the test, rather than failing it. This represents a problem for Kantianism. Some comparisons with consequentialism are made.

Keywords:   Kant, Christine Korsgaard, Formula of Universal Law, motives, Categorical Imperative, Practical Contradiction Interpretation, racism, maxim, consequentialism, moral permissibility

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