Narrative and Narration: Some Rudiments
This chapter attempts to give an overview of the framework and some of the chief concepts of traditional narratology. However, the chapter also devotes a fair amount of space to raising critical issues about those concepts. This constitutes material the book will subsequently investigate. In particular, it has been widely held that every mode of telling a story, involves a narrative (the story told), a narration (the telling of the story), and a text (the specific medium in which the telling is embodied.) It is widely held in addition that every instance of fictional narration, presupposes a fictional narrator (the agent that fictionally tells the story), although the narrator may be “effaced.” This chapter propounds some questions about both of these assumptions, particularly as they apply to fiction film. These are questions that are discussed at length in later chapters.
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