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Thucydides and Herodotus$
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Edith Foster and Donald Lateiner

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199593262

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593262.001.0001

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Persians in Thucydides

Persians in Thucydides

Chapter:
(p.241) 10 Persians in Thucydides
Source:
Thucydides and Herodotus
Author(s):

Rosaria Vignolo Munson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593262.003.0010

Thucydides' representation of Persia is inextricably linked to his response to Herodotus, who placed the Persians at the centre of his work. The younger historian was well aware that for the Greeks of his time, as they were embarking on the long mutual war he describes, the most vivid cultural memory concerned their earlier resistance against the Persians, from which they derived a wealth of still current paradigms. After Xerxes' defeat, moreover, Persia continued to exist as a neighbouring power, which mainland Greeks may initially have viewed as marginal, but which ended up as the arbiter in their own war. This chapter examines Thucydides' representation of Persia's role in the history of the Greeks, what information about Persian agents, culture, and events he knows about or considers important, and his ‘Persian’ interactions with Herodotus.

Keywords:   Thucydides, Herodotus, Persia, Greek history, Greek historians

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