This chapter expands on the conception of conscience presented in Chapter 1. In this view, conscience requires us to cultivate practical wisdom, virtue, and objective moral integrity. This conception of conscience is distinguished from amoral, religious, and subjectivist conceptions, and situates conscience within a pluralistic moral framework. It is argued that the cultivation of conscience is the cultivation of a genuinely valuable, non-optional moral ideal. The nature and value of such an ideal can inform how we, as a society, ought to approach acts of non-conformity that are animated by conscience.
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