The United Kingdom: towards a single working-age benefit system
The chapter shows that all three process of integration can be identified in the United Kingdom. The declining relevance of the principle of social insurance has led to benefit homogenization within unemployment protection which began in the 1980s. Activation policies were introduced in the 1990s and became increasingly pervasive thereafter. Against the backdrop of stubbornly high numbers of people out of work and in receipt of different types of income transfers, these developments facilitated policies which have broadened the concept of unemployment. In this still-evolving process of risk ‘re-categorization’, the creation of a single working-age benefit system is now firmly on the political agenda.
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