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An Inside View of the CAP Reform ProcessExplaining the MacSharry, Agenda 2000, and Fischler Reforms$
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Arlindo Cunha and Alan Swinbank

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199591572

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591572.001.0001

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The 1992 MacSharry Reform

The 1992 MacSharry Reform

Chapter:
(p.68) Chapter 5 The 1992 MacSharry Reform
Source:
An Inside View of the CAP Reform Process
Author(s):

Arlindo Cunha

Alan Swinbank

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591572.003.0005

The 1992 CAP reform, proposed by the then Farm Commissioner Ray Mac Sharry, and adopted under a Portuguese Presidency, fundamentally changed the shape of the CAP, by partially switching from price support to a direct income support model. It was undertaken despite the opposition of farm interest groups and the initial hostility of many member states. Whilst the reform stabilized future budget expenditure, it did not reduce the CAP's cost, but it did enable the EU to accept the Agreement on Agriculture that was emerging in the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations. This chapter outlines the economic and social context, and assesses the factors that motivated the reform proposals and influenced and determined its final outcome.

Keywords:   price and income support, budget, MacSharry, Portuguese Presidency, Uruguay Round

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