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ApraxiaThe Cognitive side of motor control$
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Georg Goldenberg

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199591510

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591510.001.0001

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Naturalistic action

Naturalistic action

Chapter:
(p.136) Chapter 9 Naturalistic action
Source:
Apraxia
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591510.003.0009

In contrast to use of single tools, naturalistic multistep actions with multiple tools and objects are equally affected by left, right, or diffuse brain damage. However, different mechanisms underlie failure of naturalistic action in patients with left and right brain damage. In right brain damaged patients the number of errors correlates with the severity of left-sided hemineglect, and in aphasic patients with tests of language and semantic memory and with an experimental test probing technical problem solving by trial and error. Other than mechanical problem solving for use of single conventional tools, technical problem solving is frequently based on trial and error because functions cannot be derived from categorical apprehension of structural features of objects

Keywords:   tool use, naturalistic action, activities of daily living, attention, problem solving, neglect, trial and error

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