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TimeLanguage, Cognition, and Reality$
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Kasia M. Jaszczolt and Louis de Saussure

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199589876

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589876.001.0001

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Temporal reasoning as indexical inference

Temporal reasoning as indexical inference

Chapter:
(p.37) 2 Temporal reasoning as indexical inference
Source:
Time
Author(s):

Alice G. B. Ter Meulen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589876.003.0003

This paper investigates the use of English aspectual adverbs with numerical determiners in information structure, distinguishing focus information from backgrounded, presupposed and shared information in the common ground. The aspectual adverbs induce background assumptions and serve to structure the focus alternatives, due to their monotonicity properties and associated potential to support scalar inferences. Particular attention is given to indexical inferences, in which conclusions with indexical predicates are validly derived from premises that contain no such indexical information.

Keywords:   aspectual adverbs, temporal reasoning, information structure, indexical inference, focus

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