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Natural CapitalTheory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services$
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Peter Kareiva, Heather Tallis, Taylor H. Ricketts, Gretchen C. Daily, and Stephen Polasky

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199588992

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588992.001.0001

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Provisioning and regulatory ecosystem service values in agriculture

Provisioning and regulatory ecosystem service values in agriculture

(p.150) Chapter 9 Provisioning and regulatory ecosystem service values in agriculture
Natural Capital

Erik Nelson

Stanley Wood

Jawoo Koo

Stephen Polasky

Oxford University Press

This chapter, which describes methods for creating maps of agricultural yield and annual net revenues using publically available data, shows how to derive the marginal production value of changes in input use or landscape processes, including ecosystem services. In this initial methodology, it assumes that farm location and crop choice are given by a user-defined scenario. In a more complex approach to mapping and valuing agricultural production and its inputs, the chapter assumes farmers make management decisions that maximize their net revenues or utility functions. Again, the value of inputs to production, including ecosystem services, can be determined by their marginal contribution to agricultural production. The chapter ends by describing a methodology for tracking the effect of agricultural production on greenhouse gas emissions and nutrient and water cycling.

Keywords:   agricultural production systems, yield functions, provisioning services, irrigation, native animal pollination, soil retention, localized flooding, greenhouse gases, nutrient uptake, water uptake

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