The Ontological Priority of Particular Substances
It is argued that Aristotelian particular substances are ontologically prior to derivative entities such as non‐substance attributes and accidental compounds. Their ontological priority is specified as a qualified form of [PIB] grounded on the notion of ultimate subjecthood. As ultimate subjects that other things are said of or are present in, particular substances make non‐substance attributes the types of predicable entity that they are but not conversely. This sort of asymmetry, however, is importantly different from their alleged capacity for existing independently of non‐substance attributes (but not conversely). The primacy of particular substance consists in an attenuated notion of [PIB] in which it makes non‐substance entities the generic types of being that they are, i.e. predicable attributes. This predicational version of [PIB] could offer an attractive, unified picture of Aristotelian ontological priority.
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