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Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors$
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Ivan Pelant and Jan Valenta

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199588336

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588336.001.0001

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Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Introduction
Source:
Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors
Author(s):

Ivan Pelant

Jan Valenta

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588336.003.0001

Introduction is of quite general nature. It contains basic terminological definitions used throughout the book. The term secondary radiation is introduced. The difference between ‘luminescence’ (cold light) and ‘incandescence’ is explained. Specific kinds of luminescence are defined (photoluminescence, electroluminescence, chemiluminescence, bioluminescence, cathodoluminescence, thermoluminescence etc.). Distinctions between fluorescence and phosphorescence, between mechanisms of luminescence in organic and inorganic materials and between intrinsic and extrinsic origins of luminescence are stressed. The terms phosphor, Stokes’ law, thermal quenching and edge emission are explained. The basic terms and definitions are elucidated via using representative examples of luminescence emission spectra taken in various semiconductors.

Keywords:   secondary radiation, luminescence, incandescence, fluorescence, phosphorescence, organic Luminescence, inorganic luminescence, intrinsic and extrinsic, edge emission, thermal quenching

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