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Philosophical Writings$
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P. F. Strawson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199587292

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587292.001.0001

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Liberty and Necessity

Liberty and Necessity

(p.146) 12 Liberty and Necessity
Philosophical Writings

P. F. Strawson

Oxford University Press

Spinoza attributes the illusion of freedom to our consciousness of our actions, decisions, and desires and our ignorance of their causes. The chapter disputes the thesis that emotions and attitudes, together with the associated sense of freedom, of self and of other selves, rest upon a belief, or beliefs, incompatible with the doctrine of the universal reign or natural causality.

Keywords:   Spinoza, freedom, natural causality, belief

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