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The Nature and Value of KnowledgeThree Investigations$
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Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar, and Adrian Haddock

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199586264

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.001.0001

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Knowledge in Recent Epistemology: Some Problems

Knowledge in Recent Epistemology: Some Problems

(p.97) 5 Knowledge in Recent Epistemology: Some Problems
The Nature and Value of Knowledge

Alan Millar (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that there is a tension — the central tension — between the assumption that knowledge admits of reductive conceptual analysis along traditional lines and the roles that knowledge and thinking about knowledge plays in our lives. While an analysis of knowledge should reflect the logical role of the concept, the prospects for providing a reductive analysis that meets this desideratum are dim. The chapter explores two further clusters of problems for the traditional ways of theorising about knowledge: the problem of making sense of how strong evidence must be for justification that satisfies the justification requirement for knowledge; and the problem of making sense of a justification requirement for some modes of knowledge. It explains why the discussion has placed such emphasis on concepts and conceptual enquiry. It indicates the way forward is indicated and outlines the construction of an epistemology that avoids the problems.

Keywords:   conceptive analysis, epistemology, evidence, justification, knowledge

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