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Multisensory Development$
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Andrew J. Bremner, David J. Lewkowicz, and Charles Spence

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199586059

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.001.0001

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The development of audiovisual speech perception

The development of audiovisual speech perception

Chapter:
(p.207) Chapter 9 The development of audiovisual speech perception
Source:
Multisensory Development
Author(s):

Salvador Soto-Faraco

Marco Calabresi

Jordi Navarra

Janet F. Werker

David J. Lewkowicz

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0009

This chapter considers the contribution of multisensory processes to the development of speech perception. Evidence for matching and integration of audiovisual speech information within the first few months of life suggests an early preparedness for extracting multisensory relations in spoken language. Nonetheless, it is currently not known what relative contribution speech-specific vs. domain-general abilities make to this early appearing ability. Brain mechanisms supporting audiovisual speech processing also seem to be functional very early on, although they are relatively rudimentary compared to such mechanisms in adults. Together, these findings suggest that the development of audiovisual speech processing is neither strictly incremental nor linear. This is illustrated by evidence of age- and experience-related modulations including perceptual narrowing, strengthening of audiovisual integration by middle childhood, the influence of linguistic context, and plastic adaptation following declines in sensory acuity.

Keywords:   audiovisual integration, audiovisual speech, bimodal speech, speech-reading, multisensory, speech perception, development, language acquisition, multisensory development

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