In the challenging economic environment of the 1930s, Soviet children were expected to take on adult roles and participate in their country's socioeconomic life. Stimulated by a value system that based social recognition on one's contribution to the common effort, some children decided to demonstrate their worth by exhibiting commitment to the defence of their country. The enthusiasm of many child-soldiers seems to be rooted in the romantic notion of one's usefulness and a sense of moral duty, a naïve conception of war, and unshakable loyalty to the country, all of which were externalized in defiance of its enemies.
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