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Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume IIMorphological, Syntactic, and Typological Change$
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D. Gary Miller

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199583430

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583430.001.0001

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Phrase Structure and Verb Classes

Phrase Structure and Verb Classes

Chapter:
(p.137) 6 Phrase Structure and Verb Classes
Source:
Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume II
Author(s):

D. Gary Miller (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583430.003.0007

This chapter introduces the theoretical points and verb classes presupposed in other chapters. It can be ignored by those familiar with generative theory. Lexical and functional structure are discussed, along with movement and the roles of νP. The problem of Cause and Voice is addressed in connection with the derivation of the ergative (causative : anticausative) alternation. Tests for the unergative vs unaccusative contrast are introduced and distinguished from structures like passive, middle, and impersonal. Formal derivations are offered for the ergative alternation and for passive and middle structures.

Keywords:   lexical structure, functional structure, Cause and Voice, ergative alternation, generative theory

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