Phrase Structure and Verb Classes
This chapter introduces the theoretical points and verb classes presupposed in other chapters. It can be ignored by those familiar with generative theory. Lexical and functional structure are discussed, along with movement and the roles of νP. The problem of Cause and Voice is addressed in connection with the derivation of the ergative (causative : anticausative) alternation. Tests for the unergative vs unaccusative contrast are introduced and distinguished from structures like passive, middle, and impersonal. Formal derivations are offered for the ergative alternation and for passive and middle structures.
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