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Children, Memory, and Family Identity in Roman Culture$
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Véronique Dasen and Thomas Späth

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199582570

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582570.001.0001

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Degrees of Freedom

Degrees of Freedom

Vernae and Junian Latins in the Roman familia*

(p.195) 8 Degrees of Freedom
Children, Memory, and Family Identity in Roman Culture

Beryl Rawson

Oxford University Press

Slaves had readier access to freedom in Roman society than in other known slave societies. Those most favoured were urban, talented, pleasing slaves, especially those who formed close personal attachments with their owner. Child slaves, born in the household (vernae), could play a special familial role as surrogate sons and daughters. Those freed prematurely or informally (Junian Latins) had restrictions on their freedom and citizenship and could be circulated or transferred to other households. As heirs they continued their patrons' name and were responsible for their tombs, thus helping preserve their memory.

Keywords:   familia Caesaris, freedman, heirs, manumission, nomenclature, slaves, surrogate, tombs, wet-nurses

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